1-hexadecanal C16H32O structure

C16H32O structure
Molecular Formula C16H32O
Average mass 240.425 Da
Density 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 297.8±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 138.9±6.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 76.4±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 30.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 29.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 290.0±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1800 (estimated with error: 45) NIST Spectra mainlib_376699, replib_158514, replib_11559
      1820 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Verma, S.C.; Dhawan, S.; Khan, M.; Ramesh, S.; Singh, S.C.; Yadav, A.; Srivastava, S.K., Essential oil composition of Murraya exotica from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 140-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1807 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C=>5C/min=>220C(5min) =>3C/min =>245C(5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dwivedi, S.; Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunnder, K.V.; Srivastava, A., Essential oil composition of different accessions of Mentha * piperita L. grown on the northern plains of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 437-440.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1812 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C => 5C/min => 220C (5min) => 3C/min => 245 C (5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Yadav, A.K., Chemical composition of fruit and stem essential oils of Lantana camara from northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 376-379., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 C ^ 5 C/min -> 220 C (5 min) ^ 3 C/min -> 245 C (5 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Singh, M.; Naqvi, A.A., Chemical composition of leaf and flower essential oil of Lantana camara from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 75-77.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shawl, A.S.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Tripathi, S.; Raina, V.K., Essential oil composition of Achillea millefolium L. growing wild in Kashmir, India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 165-168.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1784 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1785 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1818 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 13, 2000, 227-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1817 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 20 K/min -> 70 0C ^ 9 K/min -> 280 0C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Stojanovic, G.; Palic, R.; Alagic, S.; Zekovic, Z., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and CO2 extracts of semi-oriental tobacco, Otlja, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 335-338.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1830 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.13 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 3. A novel method for trapping volatile components from uncured and cured pork, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(6), 1993, 933-938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1831 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.13 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 4. Fractionation, characterization, and quantitation of volatiles from uncured and cured beef and chicken, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(6), 1993, 939-945.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1789 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sarkhail, P.; Amin, G.; Shafiee, A., Composition of the essential oil of Phlomis persica Boiss and Phlomis chorassanica Bunge from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 538-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1792 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Merle, H.; Blazquez, M.A.; Boira, H., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. flowers in the western Mediterranean area, in International Symposium on Loquat, April 11-13, 2002 (CIHEAM-IAMZ, 2003, p. 191-193), Llacer,G.; Badenes,M.L., ed(s), Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Mediterranean, Valencia, Spain, 2002, 191-193., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; Start time: 20 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gancel, A.-L.; Olle, D.; Ollitrault, P.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden], Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 416-424.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1794 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (1 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (5 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wakamura, S.; Hattori, M.; Igita, K.; Yasuda, K.; Tridjaka, Sex pheromone of Etiella behrii, a pod borer of soybean in Indonesia: identification and field attraction, Entomol. Exp. Appl., 91, 1999, 413-420., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 36(6), 1989, 455-462., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 53(6), 1989, 1721-1723., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 37(12), 1990, 946-952., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1797 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 53(6), 1989, 1721-1723.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1052-1057.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1825 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Substrate: Gas-Chrom Q (800-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Phillipou, G.; Poulos, A., GAs chromatography-mass spectrometry of fatty aldehydes and their oxime derivatives, Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 22, 1978, 51-54.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1844 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ogunwande, I.A.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Omikorede, O.; Azeez, R.A.; Ayodele, A.A.; Kamil, Y.O., Aromatic plants growing in Nigeria: essential oil constituents of Cassia alata (Linn.) Roxb. and Helianthus annuus L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 4(4), 2010, 211-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1827 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 210 0C ^ 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1830 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Influence of the simultaneous addition of the protease flavourzyme and the lipase novozyme 677BG on dry fermented sausage compounds extracted by SDE and analyzed by GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2395-2400., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 61(5), 2007, 272-277., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 25-30., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Marbot, R., Changes in volatile compounds of Habanero chile pepper (Capsicum chinense Jack. cv. Habanero) at two ripening stages, Food Chem., 94, 2006, 394-398., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Rostami, B., The essential oil composition of Teucrium chamaedrys L. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 544-546., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: PE-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 427-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quere, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1257-1261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1816 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xie, J.; Sun, B.; Zheng, F.; Wang, S., Volatile flavor constituents in roasted pork of mini-pig, Food Chem., 109, 2008, 506-514., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 1974-1981.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1807 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 65, 2007, 217-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1814 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>3C/min =>200C =>2C/min =>220C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moronkola, D.O.; Ogunwande, I.A.; Walker, T.M.; Setzer, W.N.; Oyewole, I.O., Identification of the main volatile compounds in the leaf and flower of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) Gray, J. Nat. Med., 61, 2007, 63-66., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M., The essential oil composition of Phlomis bruguieri Desf. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 344-346.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1815 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pavlovic, M.; Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Maksimovic, Z.; Kovacevic, N., Essential oil of filipendula hexapetala, Chem. Natural Compounds, 43(2), 2007, 228-229.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1810 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 61(5), 2007, 272-277.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1813 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Setzer, W.N.; Noletto, J.A.; Lawton, R.O., Chemical composition of the floral essential oil of Randia matudae from Monteverde, Costa Rica, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 244-246.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1819.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ai-Nong, Y.; Bao-Guo, S., Flavour substances of Chinese traditional smoke-cured bacon, Food Chem., 89, 2005, 227-233.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1826 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 4 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dhanda, J.S.; Pegg, R.B.; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program – Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1819 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min =>120C =>10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 34, 2001, 67-75., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bestmann, H.-J.; Classen, B.; Kobold, U.; Vostrowsky, O.; Klingauf, F.; Stein, U., Steam volatile constituents from leaves of Rhus typhina, Phytochemistry, 27(1), 1988, 85-90.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1828 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Madruga, M.S.; Arruda, S.G.B.; Narain, N.; Souza, J.G., Castration and slaughter age effects on panel assessment and aroma compounds of the “mestico” goat meat, Meat Sci., 56, 2000, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1820 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tkachev, A.V.; Dobrotvorsky, A.K.; Vjalkov, A.I.; Morozov, S.V., Chemical composition of lipophylic compounds from the body surface of unfed adult Ixodes persulcatus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), Experimental and Applied Acarology, 24, 2000, 145-158.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1827.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Potter, T.L., Essential oil composition of cilantro, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 1824-1826.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1822 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 773-778.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2100 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30 0C (5 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 130 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 195 0C (45 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Narain, N.; Galvao, M. deS.; Ferreira, D.DaS.; Navarro, D.M.A.F., Flavor biogeneration in Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) fruit, BioEng. Campinas, 1(1), 2007, 25-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2135 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10 min) =>4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kirimer, N.; Tabanca, N.; Ozek, T.; Tumen, G.; Baser, K.H.C., Essential oils of annual Sideritis species growing in Turkey, Pharm. Biol., 38(2), 2000, 106-111., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C (10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Can Baser, K.H.; Bedir, E.; Khan, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella species gathered from Central and Northern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 1117, 2006, 194-205.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2121 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gancel, A.-L.; Olle, D.; Ollitrault, P.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden], Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 416-424.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2143 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (1 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (5 min); CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wakamura, S.; Hattori, M.; Igita, K.; Yasuda, K.; Tridjaka, Sex pheromone of Etiella behrii, a pod borer of soybean in Indonesia: identification and field attraction, Entomol. Exp. Appl., 91, 1999, 413-420.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2098 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubota, K.; Nakamoto, A.; Moriguchi, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Ishii, H., Formation of pyrrolidino[1,2-e]-4H-2,4-dimethyl-1,3,5-dithiazine in the volatiles of boiled short-necked clam, clam, and corbicula, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(6), 1991, 1127-1130.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Paolini, J.; Muselli, A.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Bighelli, A.; Casanova, J.; Costa, J., Thymol derivatives from essential oil of Doronicum corsicum L., Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 479-487., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 106-115.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1782 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; Konig, W.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oils of three wood-rotting fungi, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 813-816.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1815 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ayop, N.; Ahmad, A.S., Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of Peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 601-604., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Kumar, A.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Kahol, A.P., Essential oil composition of ‘kewda’ (Pandanus odoratissimus) from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 434-436.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1793 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 275-281.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Chapter 9. The identification of aroma compounds in key lime oil using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-olfactometry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 100-112., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M., Characterization of aroma volatiles in key lime essential oils (Cirtrus aurantifolia Swingle), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 106-115.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1761 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 629801; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Wilson, M.A.; Gaskey, G.M.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., C