1-Pentylamine C5H13N structure

C5H13N structure
Molecular Formula C5H13N
Average mass 87.163 Da
Density 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 105.5±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 4.4±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 28.7±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 11.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 26.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 114.7±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colourless to yellow liquid; Fishy aroma Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Pentylamine
    • Safety:

      11-20/21/22-34 Alfa Aesar A11674
      16-26-36/37/39-45 Alfa Aesar A11674
      3 Alfa Aesar A11674
      Danger Alfa Aesar A11674
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, CORROSIVE, burns skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A11674
      Flammable/Corrosive SynQuest 3130-1-X6, 66266
      H225-H331-H314-H302-H312 Alfa Aesar A11674
      P210-P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A11674
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      761 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_228415, replib_155075, replib_290858
      715.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 38(2), 1994, 108-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      733.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 38(2), 1994, 108-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      712 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb A AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Oszczapowicz, J.; Osek, J.; Ciszkowski, K.; Krawczyk, W.; Ostrowski, M., Retention Indices of Dimethylbenzamidines and Benzylideneamines on a Non-Polar Column, J. Chromatogr., 330, 1985, 79-85., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Oszczapowicz, J.; Osek, J.; Dolecka, E., Retention indices of dimethylformamidines, dimethylacetamidines and tetramethylguanidines on a non-polar column, J. Chromatogr., 315, 1984, 95-100.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      723 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      725 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      726 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      711.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      714 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      741 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Zhuravleva, I.L., Gas Chromatographic Method of Identification of n-Aliphatic Amines Through the Use of Donor-Acceptor Interaction with Phosphate, Chromatographia, 6(12), 1973, 508-513.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1006 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1009 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1010 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1013 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1015 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 179 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1020 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 152 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      741 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 24(10), 2007, 1404-1408.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      729 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      730 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      731 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Staples, E.; Zeiger, K., On-Site Measurements of VOCs and Odors from Metal Casting Operations Using an Ultra-Fast Gas Chromatograph, 2008.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      726 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Staples, E.; Zeiger, K., On-Site Measurements of VOCs and Odors from Metal Casting Operations Using an Ultra-Fast Gas Chromatograph, 2008.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      742 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Staples, E.; Zeiger, K., On-Site Measurements of VOCs and Odors from Metal Casting Operations Using an Ultra-Fast Gas Chromatograph, 2008.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      743 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Staples, E.; Zeiger, K., On-Site Measurements of VOCs and Odors from Metal Casting Operations Using an Ultra-Fast Gas Chromatograph, 2008.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      726 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); CAS no: 110587; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      744 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Maltby, D., Prediction of retention indexes. III. Silylated derivatives of polar compounds, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 113-129.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      730 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Description: 40C(5min)=>10C/min =>200C or 250C (60min); CAS no: 110587; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1029 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1018 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 110587; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Density: 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 105.5±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 29.4±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 34.0±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 4.4±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.415
Molar Refractivity: 28.7±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 2
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.46
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -1.55
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -1.34
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 11.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 26.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 114.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 1.33
 Log Kow (Exper. database match) = 1.49
 Exper. Ref: Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 111.71 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): -46.11 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 31.1 (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
 MP (exp database): -55 deg C
 BP (exp database): 104.3 deg C
 VP (exp database): 3.00E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 6.876e+004
 log Kow used: 1.49 (expkow database)
 no-melting pt equation used
 Water Sol (Exper. database match) = 1e+006 mg/L (20 deg C)
 Exper. Ref: RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 48509 mg/L
 Wat Sol (Exper. database match) = 1000000.00
 Exper. Ref: RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:
 Aliphatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 2.35E-005 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: 2.45E-005 atm-m3/mole
 Exper Database: 2.43E-05 atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 5.188E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: 1.49 (exp database)
 Log Kaw used: -3.003 (exp database)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 4.493
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 0.9683
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.9912
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 3.3293 (days-weeks )
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 4.0343 (days )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.6842
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.8119
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.7200
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 4E+003 Pa (30 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 4.493
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 7.5E-010 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 7.64E-009 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 2.71E-008 
 Mackay model : 6E-008 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 6.11E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 35.8262 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 0.299 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
 Half-Life = 3.583 Hrs
 Ozone Reaction:
 No Ozone Reaction Estimation
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 4.35E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 111.9
 Log Koc: 2.049 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.447 (BCF = 2.801)
 log Kow used: 1.49 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 2.43E-005 atm-m3/mole (Henry experimental database)
 Half-Life from Model River: 23.45 hours
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 334.1 hours (13.92 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
 Total removal: 3.27 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.09 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 1.86 percent
 Total to Air: 1.32 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 1.55 7.17 1000 
 Water 37 208 1000 
 Soil 61.4 416 1000 
 Sediment 0.0815 1.87e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 234 hr




 

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