2,2,3-trimethylbutane C7H16 structure

C7H16 structure
Molecular Formula C7H16
Average mass 100.202 Da
Density 0.7±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 81.7±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point -6.7±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 34.4±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 13.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 19.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 144.5±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      568 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_19766, replib_1040, replib_107312
      634.81 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      630 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 0 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Skrbic, B.D., Unified retention concept — statistical treatment of Kovats retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 764, 1997, 257-264.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      638 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 58 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: CP Sil 2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 18, 1995, 403-412., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      630.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 38(2), 1994, 108-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      637.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 38(2), 1994, 108-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      635 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Louis, R., Kovats-index-tafeln zur gaschromatographischen analyse von kohlenwasserstoffgemischen, Erdoel Kohle Erdgas Petrochem., 24(2), 1971, 88-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 55 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Triacontane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 175, 1979, 27-35., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 849, 1999, 495-506., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 171-189., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      635.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      636.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      638.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 21(12), 1986, 697-700.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      634 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      636 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 22 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hilal, S.H.; Carreira, L.A.; Karickhoff, S.W.; Melton, C.M., Estimation of Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Retention Times from Molecular Structure, J. Chromatogr. A, 662, 1994, 269-280., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 45 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 300 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 7, 1969, 55-75., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 68 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.264 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-1; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Papazova, D., Calculation of retention indices of isoparaffins on different phases, Chromatographia, 12(7), 1979, 443-447., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.259 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      628 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 110 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kovats indices, J. Chromatogr., 253, 1982, 179-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      637 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l’indice de retention d’alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 8, 1970, 95-102., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Johansen, N.G.; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 15(10), 1982, 625-630., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 55 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Johansen, N.G.; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 15(10), 1982, 625-630., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 91.4 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: SF-96; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Johansen, N.G.; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 15(10), 1982, 625-630.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      632 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 40-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      642.14 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      644.23 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      646.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648.87 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      650.77 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      643 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l’indice de retention d’alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Cramers, C.A.; Rijks, J.A.; Pacakova, V.; de Andrade, I.R., The application of precision gas chromatography to the identification of types of hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 51, 1970, 13-21., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 67 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 175, 1979, 27-35., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; van den Berg, J.H.M.; Diependaal, J.P., Characterization of hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by two-dimensional precision gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 603-612., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 8, 1970, 95-102., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 8, 1970, 95-102.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      652 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      643.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 78.5 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, X.; Lu, P., Unified equation between Kovats indices on different stationary phases for select types of compounds, J. Chromatogr. A, 731, 1996, 187-199.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      649.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      642 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Cramers, C.A.; Rijks, J.A.; Pacakova, V.; de Andrade, I.R., The application of precision gas chromatography to the identification of types of hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 51, 1970, 13-21., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Triacontane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 175, 1979, 27-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      645 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 175, 1979, 27-35.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      653.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      640 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l’indice de retention d’alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 49 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; van den Berg, J.H.M.; Diependaal, J.P., Characterization of hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by two-dimensional precision gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 603-612.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      640.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Schopov, D., Empirische korrektion der physikalisch-chemischen retentionsindexe von kohlenwasserstoffen auf squalan, J. Chromatogr., 63, 1971, 223-228.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      646 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      636.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 35-40.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 35-40.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      646 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 24(10), 2007, 1404-1408.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      640 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 74.6 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y., Capillary gas chromatographic analysis of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasoline boiling below 100 C, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 7(2), 1989, 88-92., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, J.; Lu, W., Kovats indices of C4-C10 hydrocarbons in apolar quartz capillary OV-101, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1(1), 1984, 11-17., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Feng, H.; Mu, L.-L., Quantitative structure-retention relationships for alkane and its derivatives based on electrotopological state index and molecular shape index, Chem. Ind. Engineering (Chinese), 24(2), 2007, 161-168., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Dependence of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices on Dynamics Molecular Characteristics, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 73(5), 1999, 905-910, In original 905-910., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 464062; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Marinichev, A.N., Comparison of Topological and Dynamics Molecular Characteristics for Precalculation of Chromatographic Retention Parameters of Organic Compounds (in Russian), Zh. Struct. Khim., 42(5), 2001, 893-902, In original 893-902.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      637 (Program type: Complex; Col

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