Benzonitrile C7H5N structure

C7H5N structure
Molecular Formula C7H5N
Average mass 103.121 Da
Density 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 191.1±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 71.7±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 31.3±0.4 cm3
Polarizability 12.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 41.1±5.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 100.0±5.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Incompatible with strong bases, strong acids,strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents.Air-sensitive. Combustible. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-MUS LD50 971 mg kg-1, IPR-RBT LD50 1250 mg kg-1, SKN-RAT LD50 1200 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      21/22 Alfa Aesar A11173
      23 Alfa Aesar A11173
      6.1 Alfa Aesar A11173
      DANGER: POISON, causes cyanosis; skin, eye, lung irritation Alfa Aesar A11173
      H302-H312 Alfa Aesar A11173
      P280-P301+P312-P312-P363-P322-P501a Alfa Aesar A11173
      Safety glasses. Adequate ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Toxic/Harmful/Hygroscopic/Store under Argon SynQuest 3637-1-05, 56230
      Warning Alfa Aesar A11173
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      958 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_290864, replib_60870, replib_227843, replib_334462
      973 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 12 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 12 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 659-662.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      953 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      936 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2/N2=3/1; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B.; Smith, J.F., Gas chromatography in qualitative analysis. IV. An investigation of the changes in relative rentention data accompanying the oxidation of apolar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 28, 1967, 277-284.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      965 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      150.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, G.; Hou, Z.; Sun, Y.; Liu, Y.; Xie, B.; Liu, S., Investigation of pyrolysis behavior of fenoxycarb using PY-GC-MS assisted with chemometric methods, Chem. Anal., 52, 2007, 141-156.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      150.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Shao, X.; Wang, G.; Sun, Y.; Zhang, R.; Xie, K.; Liu, H., Determination and Characterization of the Pyrolysis Products of Isoprocarb by GC-MS, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 44, 2006, 141-147.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      156.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, S.-F.; Liu, B.-Z.; Sun, K.-J.; Su, Q.-D., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formed during the pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Chromatogr. A, 1025, 2004, 255-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      947 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      951 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 100470; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Counet, C.; Callemien, D.; Ouwerx, C.; Collin, S., Use of gas chromatography-olfactometry to identify key odorant compounds in dark chocolate. Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2385-2391., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      956 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 105 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      948 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      954 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      962 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      970 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1160, 2007, 276-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      965 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      960.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      943 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Teranishi, R.; Flath, R.A.; Ling, L.C., Identification of additional tomato paste volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 792-795., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      955.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure — property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      958 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Kuznetsova, L.M., Logic Criteria on Prediction of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices from Physico-Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 315(4), 1990, 881-885, In original 881-885.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      955 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Malamakhov, A.C., Evaluation of Molecular Weights of Organic Compounds based on Retention Parameters at Chromato-Spectral Analysys. Additional Criterion of Molecular Ions’ Identification, Vestn. St. Petersb. Univ. Ser. 4: Fiz. Khim, , 1987, 101-106, In original 101-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      989.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      985 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: paz Lima, M.; Silva, T.M.D.; da Silva, J.D.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A., Essential oil composition of leaf and fine stem of Aniba canelilla (Kunth) Mez from Manaus, Brazil., Acta Amazonica, 34(2), 2004, 329-330.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      980.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wang, S.-F.; Liu, B.-Z.; Sun, K.-J.; Su, Q.-D., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formed during the pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Chromatogr. A, 1025, 2004, 255-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      988 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Begnaud, F.; Peres, C.; Berdague, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 83(10), 2003, 837-849.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      981 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ding, Q.; Deng, Y.; Sun, Y.; Huagn, A.; Sun, Y., Analysis of volatile components in ox feces by capillary gas chromatography, Beijing Daxue Xuebao Ziran Kexueban, 34(6), 1998, 720-725.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      982 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ding, Q.; Deng, Y.; Sun, Y.; Huagn, A.; Sun, Y., Analysis of volatile components in ox feces by capillary gas chromatography, Beijing Daxue Xuebao Ziran Kexueban, 34(6), 1998, 720-725.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      992 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) =; 3C/min =; 95C =;10C/min =; 270C (10min); CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1629 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 50 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., , 2008, 1-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1583 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1637 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J;W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1591 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fukami, K.; Ishiyama, S.; Yaguramaki, H.; Masuzawa, T.; Nabeta, Y.; Endo, K.; Shimoda, M., Identification of distinctive volatile compounds in fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5412-5416.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1570 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xue, C.; Ye, M.; Li, Z.; Cai, Y.; Tan, L.; Lin, H.; Sakaguchi, M., Changes in the volatile compounds of Yellowtail (Seriola aureovitata) during refrigerated storage, Asian Fisheries Sciences, 13, 2000, 263-270.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1614 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 46(9), 1999, 587-597.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1586.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Barrio, M.E.; Lliberia, J.Ll.; Comellas, L.; Broto-Puig, F., Pyrolysis-gas chromatography applied to the study of organic matter evolution in sewage sludge-amended soils using nitrogen-phosphorus, flame ionization and mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 719, 1996, 131-139.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1600 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      937.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 325 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      940.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: -50 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Helmig, D.; Pollock, W.; Greenberg, J.; Zimmerman, P., Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis of volatile organic trace gases at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D9), 1996, 14697-14710.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1003 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =;3C/min =;80C(1min) =;5C/min =;150C =; 10C/min =;280C (4min); CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 3391-3401.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      994 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 861-873.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      987.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC*GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 2003, 665-682.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      986 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dalluge, J.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Xu, X.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th., Unravelling the composition of very complex samples by comprehensive gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Cigarette smoke, J. Chromatogr. A, 974, 2002, 169-184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      981 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min)=;(20C/min)=;120C=;(7C/min)=;310C(10min); CAS no: 100470; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 774, 1997, 321-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      983.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: -50 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Helmig, D.; Pollock, W.; Greenberg, J.; Zimmerman, P., Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis of volatile organic trace gases at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D9), 1996, 14697-14710.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      976 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      983 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1583 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 100470; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonvehi, J.S., Investigation of aromatic compounds in roasted cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 221, 2005, 19-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

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