chlorooctane C8H17Cl structure

C8H17Cl structure
Molecular Formula C8H17Cl
Average mass 148.674 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 181.9±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 57.8±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 44.0±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 17.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 26.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 172.0±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1042 (estimated with error: 72) NIST Spectra mainlib_228896, replib_118801, replib_21404, replib_107301, replib_154100
      1046 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1059 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 45 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morishita, F.; Terashima, Y.; Ichise, M.; Kojima, T., Prediction of retention indices from molecular structures of chlorinated alkanes, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 21, 1983, 209-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1047.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1232 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMC; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Gas chromatographic separation and identification of linear and branched-chain alkyl chlorides, J. Chromatogr., 354, 1986, 65-74.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1242 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMC; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Gas chromatographic separation and identification of linear and branched-chain alkyl chlorides, J. Chromatogr., 354, 1986, 65-74.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1247 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMC; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Gas chromatographic separation and identification of linear and branched-chain alkyl chlorides, J. Chromatogr., 354, 1986, 65-74.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1251 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 75 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morishita, F.; Terashima, Y.; Ichise, M.; Kojima, T., Prediction of retention indices from molecular structures of chlorinated alkanes, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 21, 1983, 209-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1052 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 32(5), 1996, 656-666, In original 656-666.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1051 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Milina, R., Precalculation of gas chromatographic retention indices of linear 1-halogenoalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 463, 1989, 159-164.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1048.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Morita, M.; Fuwa, K., Temperature-programmed retention indices of 221 halogenated organic compounds with 1-bromoalkanes as references, J. Chromatogr., 328, 1985, 35-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1066 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1.00 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sivadier, G.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Latency and persistence of diet volatile biomarkers in lamb fats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(2), 2009, 645-652.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1059 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Arruda, A.C.S.; Junkes, B. da.S.; Souza, E.S.; Yunes, R.A.; Heizen, V.E.F., Semi-Emlirical Topological Index to Predict Properties of Halogenated Aliphatic Compounds, J. Chemometrics, 22(3-4), 2008, 186-194.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1041 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Kresz, R.; Kovats, E., Solvation properties and limiting activity coefficients of halogenated hydrocarbons in C78H158 branched saturated alkane solvent, Fluid Phase Equilib., 210, 2003, 57-67.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1043.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 325 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1051 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=;8C/min=;200(1min)=;5C/min=;300C(25min); CAS no: 111853; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1047 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 105-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1064 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 1154, 2007, 331-341.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1257 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=;5C/min=;220(1min)=;5C/min=;300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1260 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=;8C/min=;200(1min)=;5C/min=;300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1262 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111853; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 181.9±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 1.1±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 40.1±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 57.8±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.425
Molar Refractivity: 44.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 6
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.69
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.78
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2538.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 9517.69
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.78
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 2538.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 9517.69
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 17.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 26.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 172.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 4.52

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 178.95 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): -36.25 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 0.898 (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
 MP (exp database): -57.8 deg C
 BP (exp database): 181.5 deg C
 VP (exp database): 9.50E-01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 10.52
 log Kow used: 4.52 (estimated)
 no-melting pt equation used
 Water Sol (Exper. database match) = 4.89 mg/L (25 deg C)
 Exper. Ref: DEITRICH,AM ET AL. (1993)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 11.32 mg/L
 Wat Sol (Exper. database match) = 4.89
 Exper. Ref: DEITRICH,AM ET AL. (1993)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:
 Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 5.96E-002 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: 7.22E-002 atm-m3/mole
 Exper Database: 3.80E-02 atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 1.670E-002 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: 4.52 (KowWin est)
 Log Kaw used: 0.191 (exp database)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 4.329
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 0.6738
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.7086
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 2.9958 (weeks )
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 3.8017 (days )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.6172
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.6503
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.6061
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 127 Pa (0.95 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 4.329
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 2.37E-008 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 5.24E-009 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 8.55E-007 
 Mackay model : 1.89E-006 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 4.19E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 7.8184 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 1.368 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
 Half-Life = 16.417 Hrs
 Ozone Reaction:
 No Ozone Reaction Estimation
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.38E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 934.6
 Log Koc: 2.971 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C : 2.198E-013 L/mol-sec
 Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 9.994E+010 years 
 Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 9.994E+011 years 

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.784 (BCF = 60.76)
 log Kow used: 4.52 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 0.038 atm-m3/mole (Henry experimental database)
 Half-Life from Model River: 1.263 hours
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 116 hours (4.834 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
 Total removal: 95.49 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.15 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 36.41 percent
 Total to Air: 58.93 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 5.65 32.8 1000 
 Water 18.2 360 1000 
 Soil 68.9 720 1000 
 Sediment 7.27 3.24e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 337 hr




 

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