hexyl propanoate C9H18O2 structure

C9H18O2 structure
Molecular Formula C9H18O2
Average mass 158.238 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 189.9±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 65.0±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 45.5±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 18.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 27.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 180.6±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless to pale yellow liquid with an earthy, acrid odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations n-Hexyl propanoate
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1079.95 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.256 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 71(6), 2006, 629-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1088 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 262, 1983, 316-320., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra mainlib_234967, replib_162273, replib_285344, nist ri
      1086 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 262, 1983, 316-320., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 19 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Horna, A.; Taborsky, J.; Churacek, J.; Dufka, O., Chromatography of monomers. IV. Gas-liquid chromatographic studies of C1-C6 n-alkyl and C3-C6 isoalkyl acrylates and their hydrogen halide and halogen addition derivatives, J. Chromatogr., 348, 1985, 141-149., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1081 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1082 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1084 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1090 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1080 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Srisukh, D., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XV. Molecular retention indices of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 219, 1981, 45-52.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1074 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1085 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1100.99 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.321 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 71(6), 2006, 629-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1114 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment., 20(2), 2000, 164-171.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1330 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1339 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1353 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1358 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1362 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1378 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1333 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 46 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Horna, A.; Taborsky, J.; Churacek, J.; Dufka, O., Chromatography of monomers. IV. Gas-liquid chromatographic studies of C1-C6 n-alkyl and C3-C6 isoalkyl acrylates and their hydrogen halide and halogen addition derivatives, J. Chromatogr., 348, 1985, 141-149.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1354 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1355 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1084 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) => 2C/min =>200C =>15C/min =>250C (30min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 101, 2007, 1279-1284.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1074 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1307-1315.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1088 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1086 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1109 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (1 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 142 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored “Fuji Kiki-8” apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(11), 2009, 4931-4938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1105 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Raffo, A.; Kelderer, M.; Paoletti, F.; Zanella, A., Impact of innovative controlled atmosphere storage technologies and postharvest treatment on volatile compound production in Cv. Pinova apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(3), 2009, 915-923.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1114 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1136 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (10 min) ^ 2 oC/min -> 75 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1103 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C=>4C/min =>95C=> 5C/min =>115C=> 10C/min =>200C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Crook, L.R.; Boylston, T.D.; Glatz, B.A., Effect of gas environment and sorbate addition on flavor characteristics of irradiated apple cider during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 6997-7004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1115 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>5C/min =>140C =>15C/min =>250C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Herve, C.; Richoux, R.; Lortal, S., Varied volatile compounds are produced by Propionibacterium freudenreichii in Emmental cheese, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 439-446.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1379 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (1 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 142 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored “Fuji Kiki-8” apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(11), 2009, 4931-4938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1327 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (1 min) ^ 2.9 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Alspach, P.A.; Whitworth, C.J.; Oraguzie, N.C., Heriability and genetic and phenotypic correlations of apple (Malus x domestica) fruit volatiles in a genetically diverse breeding population, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(17), 2009, 7944-7952., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (1 min) ^ 2/9 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Dimouro A.; Alspach P.A.; Weskett R.; Volz, R.K.; Gardiner, S.E.; Chagne, D., Profiling fruit volatiles in the progeny of a “Royal Gala” x “Granny Smith” apple (Malus x domestica) cross, J. Agr. Food Chem., 57, 2009, 7953-7961.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1349 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Echeverria, G.; Correa, E.; Ruiz-Altisent, M.; Graell, J.; Puy, J.; Lopez, L., Characterization of Fuji apples from different harvest dates and storage conditions from measurements of volatiles by gas chromatography and electronic nose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 3069-3076., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>142C =>5C/min =>225C (10min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lara, I.; Echeverria, G.; Graell, J.; Lopez, M.L., Volatile Emission after Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Mondial Gala Apples (Malus domestica): Relationship to Some Involved Enzyme Activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 6087-6095., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>142C =>5C/min =>225C (10min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Echeverria, G.; Fuentes, M.T.; Graell, J.; Lopez, M.L., Relationships between volatile production, fruit quality and sensory evaluation of Fuji apples stored in different atmospheres by means of multivariate analysis, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2003, 5-20., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>142C =>5C/min =>225C(10min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, M.L.; Villatoro, C.; Fuentes, T.; Graell, J.; Lara, I.; Echeverria, G., Volatile compounds, quality parameters and consumer acceptance of ‘Pink Lady(R)’ apples stored in different conditions, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 43, 2007, 55-66., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 110 0C ^ 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Valappil, Z.A.; Fan, X.; Zhang, H.Q.; Rouseff, R.L., Impact of thermal and nonthermal processing technologies on unfermented apple cider aroma vilatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(3), 2009, 924-929.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1344 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min =>200C (5min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mattheis, J.P.; Fan, X.; Argenta, L.C., Interactive Responses of Gala Apple Fruit Volatile Production to Controlled Atmosphere Storage and Chemical Inhibition of Ethylene Action, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4510-4516.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1326 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1353 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Franco, M.R.B.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile composition of some Brazilian fruits: umbu-caja (Spondias citherea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), araca-boi (Eugenia stipitata), and cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1263-1265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1339 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Korany, K.; Mednyanszky, Zs.; Amtmann, M., Preliminary results of a recognition method visualizing the aroma and fragrance features, Acta Aliment., 29(2), 2000, 187-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1350 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C (1min) =>3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min =>230C (5min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, M.L.; Lavilla, T.; Recasens, I.; Riba, M.; Vendrell, M., Influence of different oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations during storage on production of volatile compounds by Starking delicious apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 634-643., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) => 3C/min =>142C(2min)=> 25C/min=>230C(5min); CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, M.L.; Lavilla, M.T.; Recasens, I.; Graell, J.; Vendrell, M., Changes in aroma quality of ‘Golden Delicious’ apples after storage at different oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations, J. Sci. Food Agric., 80, 2000, 311-324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1325 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Werkhoff, P.; Guntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 1076-1093.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1316 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 90 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 20 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Girard, B.; Lau, O.L., Effect of maturity and storage on quality and volatile production of ‘Jonagold’ apples, Food Res. Int., 28(5), 1995, 465-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1089 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Bello, A., Volatile compounds of Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5146-5148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1085 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 205 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hendriks, H.; Bruins, A.P., A tentative identification of components in the essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. by a combination of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and retention indices, Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 10(6), 1983, 377-381.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ruther, J., Retention index database for identification of general green leaf volatiles in plants coupled capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 890, 2000, 313-319., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 10 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: de Pooter, H.L.; Montens, J.P.; Willaert, G.A.; Dirinck, P.J.; Schamp, N.M., Treatment of golden delicious apples with aldehydes and carboxylic acids: effect on the headspace composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 813-818.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1342 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kourkoutas, D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the volatile compositions and flavour properties of cantaloupe, Galia and honeydew muskmelons, Food Chem., 97, 2006, 95-102.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1326 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Bello, A., Volatile compounds of Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5146-5148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1332 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ruther, J., Retention index database for identification of general green leaf volatiles in plants coupled capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 890, 2000, 313-319.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1317 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 2445763; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Frohlich, O.; Duque, C.; Schreier, P., Volatile constituents of curuba (Passiflora mollissima) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(2), 1989, 421-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1319 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl
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