isoamyl formate C6H12O2 structure

C6H12O2 structure
Molecular Formula C6H12O2
Average mass 116.158 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 126.0±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 22.3±5.7 °C
Molar Refractivity 31.7±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 12.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 25.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 131.6±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      818 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_1914, replib_228628, replib_367899
      777 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      774 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      727 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Chromosorb G; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mira, J.M.; Sanchez, L.G., Polarity of the Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phases and Retention Indices of Aliphatic Esters, Ketones and Alcohols, Anal. Chim. Acta., 50, 1970, 315-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      739 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      748 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      777 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Du, X.; Feng, C., Correlativity research between topological dyeing index and gas chromatography retention index of fatty esters, J. Petrochem. Univ. (Chinese), 21(1), 2008, 16-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      775 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      773 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; Sandra, P.; Schamp, N., Flavor analysis of quince, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 872-876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -> 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 110452; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787.3 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) =>3C/min=> 150C=>5C/min =>220C(5min); CAS no: 110452; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watts, V.A.; Butzke, C.E.; Boulton, R.B., Study of aged cognac using solid-phase microextraction and partial least-squares regression, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7738-7742.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1062.7 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>2C/min =>60C =>5C/min =>200C =>25C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 110452; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tsakiris, A.; Sipsas, V.; Bekatorou, A.; Mallouchos, A.; Koutinas, A.A., Red wine making by immobilized cells and influence on volatile composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1357-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1058 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1070 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wei, A.; Mura, K.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile chemicals extracted from beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4097-4101.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      801 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zaikin, V.G., Personal communication: Retention indices measured during 2010, 2010.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C=>6C/min=>100C=>4C/min=>280C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 923, 2001, 127-136., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Isidorov, V.A.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jaroszynska, J.; Bal, K., Gas chromatographic analysis of essential oils with preliminary partition of components, Phytochem. Anal., 12, 2001, 87-90.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1042 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 110452; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5124-5134.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 126.0±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 11.9±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 36.4±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 22.3±5.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.398
Molar Refractivity: 31.7±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 4
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.71
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.51
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 8.23
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 157.35
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.51
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 8.23
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 157.35
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 12.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 25.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 131.6±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 1.72

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 113.92 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): -59.61 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 13.4 (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
 MP (exp database): -93.5 deg C
 BP (exp database): 123.5 deg C
 VP (exp database): 1.53E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 3543
 log Kow used: 1.72 (estimated)
 no-melting pt equation used
 Water Sol (Exper. database match) = 3500 mg/L (25 deg C)
 Exper. Ref: SUZUKI,T (1991)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 4415 mg/L
 Wat Sol (Exper. database match) = 3500.00
 Exper. Ref: SUZUKI,T (1991)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:
 Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 7.46E-004 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: 9.30E-004 atm-m3/mole
 Exper Database: 6.74E-04 atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 5.781E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: 1.72 (KowWin est)
 Log Kaw used: -1.560 (exp database)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 3.280
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 0.8664
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.9957
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 3.0827 (weeks )
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 3.9091 (days )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.7593
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.9181
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.7349
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 2.04E+003 Pa (15.3 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 3.280
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 1.47E-009 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 4.68E-010 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 5.31E-008 
 Mackay model : 1.18E-007 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 3.74E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 5.9719 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 1.791 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
 Half-Life = 21.493 Hrs
 Ozone Reaction:
 No Ozone Reaction Estimation
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 8.54E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 20.86
 Log Koc: 1.319 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C : 1.258E+001 L/mol-sec
 Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 15.304 hours 
 Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 6.376 days 

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.622 (BCF = 4.187)
 log Kow used: 1.72 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 0.000674 atm-m3/mole (Henry experimental database)
 Half-Life from Model River: 2.036 hours
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 112.6 hours (4.691 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
 Total removal: 24.07 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.08 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 1.60 percent
 Total to Air: 22.39 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 15.6 43 1000 
 Water 43.2 360 1000 
 Soil 41 720 1000 
 Sediment 0.118 3.24e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 174 hr




 

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