n-Butyl butanoate C8H16O2 structure

C8H16O2 structure
Molecular Formula C8H16O2
Average mass 144.211 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 165.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 49.4±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 40.9±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 16.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 27.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 164.1±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a fruity, pineapple-like odour on dilution Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations n-Butyl n-butanoate
    • Safety:

      10 Alfa Aesar B24390
      2 Alfa Aesar B24390
      3 Alfa Aesar B24390
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar B24390
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar B24390
      H226 Alfa Aesar B24390
      P210-P280-P240-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar B24390
      Warning Alfa Aesar B24390
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      984 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_228835, replib_118794, replib_21293
      979.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 333 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 19(3), 2006, 243-247.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      977 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d’esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      983 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: -100 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P., Volatile flavours of Australian tropical fruits, Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 16, 1988, 201-205.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      982 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 320, 1985, 325-334., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Srisukh, D., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XV. Molecular retention indices of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 219, 1981, 45-52., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      990 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 262, 1983, 316-320., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. IV. Separation of homologous series of certain halogenopropyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 281, 1983, 299-303., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P.; Schwede, A.M., Production of volatile componds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(4), 1989, 1023-1025.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      985 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 320, 1985, 325-334., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      991 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 320, 1985, 325-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      969 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      980 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part V. Retention of aliphatic esters on non-polar, donar and acceptor stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 60, 1971, 33-44.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      996 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (10min) =; 2C/min =; 75C =;3C/min =; 150C =;5C/min =; 200C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment., 20(2), 2000, 164-171.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      940 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1251 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BP-20; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wyllie, S.G.; Leach, D.N., Aroma volatiles of Cucumis melo cv. golden crispy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2042-2044.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1221 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(4), 1986, 593-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1215 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d’esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1230 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      979 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 14(3), 2008, 269-276., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Estrada, E.; Gutierrez, Y., Modeling chromatographic parameters by a novel graph theoretical sub-structural approach, J. Chromatogr. A, 858, 1999, 187-199.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      969 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1307-1315.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      975.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Joulain, D.; Casazza, A.; Laurent, R.; Portier, D.; Guillamon, N.; Pandya, R.; Le, M.; Viljoen, A., Volatile flavor constituents of fruits from Southern Africa: mobola plum (Parinari curatellifolia), J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 2322-2325.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      999 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>2C/min=>110C=>5C/min=>200C(10min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 297-301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      975 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      977 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 36(6), 1989, 455-462., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Column length: 200 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dirinck, P.J.; de Pooter, H.L.; Willaert, G.A.; Schamp, N.M., Flavor quality of cultivated strawberries: the role of the sulfur compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 316-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      981.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      987 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alves, S.; Jennings, W.G., Volatile composition of certain Amazonian fruits, Food Chem., 4(2), 1979, 149-159.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      985 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yabumoto, K.; Jennings, W.G.; Yamaguchi, M., Gas chromatographic retention as identification criteria, Anal. Biochem., 78, 1977, 244-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1000 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (1 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 142 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ortiz, A.; Echeverra, G.; Graell, J.; Lara, I., Calcium dips enhance volatile emission of cold-stored “Fuji Kiki-8” apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(11), 2009, 4931-4938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      997 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Silva, A.S.; Carvalho, C.P.S.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile composition of siriguela (Spondias purpurea L.) by solid phase microextraction (SPME), LWT, 39, 2006, 437-443., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Raffo, A.; Kelderer, M.; Paoletti, F.; Zanella, A., Impact of innovative controlled atmosphere storage technologies and postharvest treatment on volatile compound production in Cv. Pinova apples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(3), 2009, 915-923.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      995 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Scrivanti, L.R.; Anton, A.M.; Zygadlo, J.A., Essential oil conposition of Bothriochloa Kuntze (Poaceae) from South America and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 37, 2009, 206-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      994 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1min) =>5C/min =>100C =>10C/min =>250C (9min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Lancaster, V.A., Correlating Volatile Compounds, Sensory Attributes, and Quality Parameters in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9503-9513.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      996 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (10 min) ^ 2 oC/min -> 75 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C =>1C/min =>100C=> 5C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 78, 2006, 1419-1432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      981 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) =>4C/min =>175C =>10C/min =>260C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: VB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Karlshoj, K.; Nielsen, P.V.; Larsen, T.O., Prediction of Penicillium expansum Spoilage and Patulin Concentration in Apples Used for Apple Juice Production by Electronic Nose Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 4289-4298.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      993 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C=>4C/min =>95C=> 5C/min =>115C=> 10C/min =>200C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Crook, L.R.; Boylston, T.D.; Glatz, B.A., Effect of gas environment and sorbate addition on flavor characteristics of irradiated apple cider during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 6997-7004., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Food Chem., 85, 2004, 195-197., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Silva, A.S.; Carvalho, C.P.S.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile composition of siriguela (Spondias purpurea L.) by solid phase microextraction (SPME), LWT, 39, 2006, 437-443., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1523-1528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      987.6 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Volatile components in aqueous essence and fresh fruit of Cucumis melo cv. Athena (muskmelon) by GC-MS and GC-O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5929-5933.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      996.9 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (6 min) ^ 2.5 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 90 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Tandon, K.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Aromatic profile of aqueous banana essence and banana fruit by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4813-4817.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      992.9 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (6 min) ^ 2.5 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 90 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Tandon, K.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Aromatic profile of aqueous banana essence and banana fruit by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4813-4817.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1004 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109217; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Luo, J.; Agnew, M.P., Gas characteristics before and after biofiltration treating odorous emissions from animal rendering processes, Environ. Technol., 22(9), 2001, 1091-1103.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1009 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl<