Palmitic acid C16H32O2 structure

C16H32O2 structure
Molecular Formula C16H32O2
Average mass 256.424 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 340.6±5.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 154.1±12.5 °C
Molar Refractivity 77.7±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 30.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 33.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 287.3±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      hard, white or faintly yellowish crystalline solid Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Hexadecanoic acid
      white chips, crystals or powder Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with bases, oxidizing agents,reducing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 > 10000 mg kg-1, IVN-MUS LD50 57 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      26-37 Alfa Aesar B20322
      26-37-60 Alfa Aesar B20322
      26-60 Alfa Aesar B20322
      36 Alfa Aesar B20322
      36/37/38 Alfa Aesar B20322
      H319 Alfa Aesar B20322
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 094646
      P280-P264-P305+P351+P338-P337+P313 Alfa Aesar B20322
      Safety glasses. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Alfa Aesar B20322
      WARNING: Irritates lungs, eyes, skin Alfa Aesar B20322
      Xi Abblis Chemicals AB1002597
    • Target Organs:

      Others TargetMol T2908
    • Bio Activity:

      Others TargetMol T2908
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1968 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_151973, replib_36484, replib_335494
      1961 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>2C/min=>60C=>4C/min=>240C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Santos, A.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents of fruits of Annona glabra L. from Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 148-150., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Verma, S.C.; Dhawan, S.; Khan, M.; Ramesh, S.; Singh, S.C.; Yadav, A.; Srivastava, S.K., Essential oil composition of Murraya exotica from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 140-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1963 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 3 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Srivastava, A.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V., Volatile composition of Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. rhizome from central and southern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 423-426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1974 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C=>5C/min=>220C(5min) =>3C/min =>245C(5min); CAS no: 57103; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dwivedi, S.; Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunnder, K.V.; Srivastava, A., Essential oil composition of different accessions of Mentha * piperita L. grown on the northern plains of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 437-440.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1957 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 95 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Sanz, J.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Pala-Paul, J., The volatile components of the aerial parts of Melittis melissophyllum L. subsp. melissophyllum gathered in Spain, Botanica Complutensis, 28, 2004, 133-136., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: SSP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Gurudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br., Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 212-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1976 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yadav, A.R.; Chauhan, A.S.; Rekha, M.N.; Rao, L.J.M.; Ramteke, R.S., Flavour quality of dehydrated lime [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle], Food Chem., 85, 2004, 59-62.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1962 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>2C/min=>60C=>4C/min=>260C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Andrade, E.H.A.; Santos, A.S.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents of fruits of Astrocarium vulgare Mart. and Bactris gasipaes H.B.K. (Arecaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 151-153., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C => 5C/min => 220C (5min) => 3C/min => 245 C (5min); CAS no: 57103; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Yadav, A.K., Chemical composition of fruit and stem essential oils of Lantana camara from northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 376-379., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 C ^ 5 C/min -> 220 C (5 min) ^ 3 C/min -> 245 C (5 min); CAS no: 57103; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Singh, M.; Naqvi, A.A., Chemical composition of leaf and flower essential oil of Lantana camara from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 75-77.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jayaprakasha, G.K.; Rao, L.J.; Sakariah, K.K., Chemical composition of volatile oil from Cinnamomum zeylanicum buds, Z. Naturforsch. C:, 57c, 2002, 990-993.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1965 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Rigano, D., Essential oil of two Lippia spp. (Verbenaceae) growing wild in Guatemala, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 169-171., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.55 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jain, N.; Srivastava, S.K.; Aggarwal, K.K.; Ramesh, S.; Kumar, S., Essential oil composition of Zanthoxylum alatum seeds from northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 408-410.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2009 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Guirudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Decalepis hamiltonii (Wight & Arn), Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 27-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1938 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jantan, I.; Ahmad, A.S.; Ahmad, A.R.; Ali, N.A.M.; Ayop, N., Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 1996, 627-632.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1940 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jantan, I.; Ali, N.A.M.; Ahmad, A.S.; Ahmad, A.R., Constituents of the essential oil of Leptospermum javanicum blume from peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 10, 1995, 255-258., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1960 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 13, 2000, 227-232., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1964 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 17-26.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1972 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Azadbakht, M.; Goodarzi, A., The essential oils composition of Phlomis herba-venti L. leaves and flowers of Iranian origin, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 29-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1977 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Roussis, V.; Tsoukatou, M.; Petrakis, P.V.; Chinou, I.; Skoula, M.; Harborne, J.B., Volatile constituents of four Helichrysum species growing in Greece, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 28, 2000, 163-175.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1970 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 20 K/min -> 70 0C ^ 9 K/min -> 280 0C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Stojanovic, G.; Palic, R.; Alagic, S.; Zekovic, Z., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and CO2 extracts of semi-oriental tobacco, Otlja, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 335-338., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: da Silva, M.H.L.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Luz, A.I.R.; da Silva, J.D.; Maia, J.G.S., The essential oils of Lantana camara L. occurring in North Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 208-210.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1975 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tzakou, O.; Harvala, C.; Galati, E.M.; Sanogo, R., Essential oil composition of Nepeta argolica Borey et Chaub. subsp. argolica, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 115-118.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1946 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>2C/min=>60C=>4C/min=>260C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Andrade, E.H.A.; Santos, A.S.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents of fruits of Astrocarium vulgare Mart. and Bactris gasipaes H.B.K. (Arecaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 151-153.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2910 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Guirudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Decalepis hamiltonii (Wight & Arn), Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 27-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      336.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 – Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      336.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 – Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      325.15 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Eckel, W.P.; Ross, B.; Isensee, R.K., Pentobarbital found in ground water, Ground Water, 31(5), 1993, 801-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      321.88 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min) =>15C/min =>180C =>5C/min =>280C (10min); CAS no: 57103; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Re-Poppi, N.; Santiago-Silva, M., Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other selected organic compounds in ambient air of Campo Grande City, Brazil, Atmos. Environ., 39, 2005, 2839-2850.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      324 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science&Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      321.57 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min)=>15C/min=>180C=>5C/min=>280C(5min); CAS no: 57103; Active phase: LM-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Re-Poppi, N.; Santiago-Silva, M.R., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and methoxylated phenols in wood smoke emitted during production of charcoal, Chromatographia, 55(7/8), 2002, 475-481.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      322.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 29.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 642, 1993, 409-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1937 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 120 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) ^ 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min); CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Delort, E.; Jaquier, A., Novel terpenyl esters from Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica) peel extract, Flav. Fragr. J., 24, 2009, 123-132., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tirillini, B.; Pellegrino, R.; Bini, L.M., Essential oil composition of Stachys sylvatica L. from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 330-332., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 120 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Perichet, C.; Lavoine, S., Characterization of the Chemical Composition of a Byproduct from Siam Benzoin Gum, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8848-8854., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fernandez, X.; Pintaric, C.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Morello, A.; Pellerin, P., Chemical composition of absolute and supercritical carbon dioxide extract of Aframomum melegueta, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 162-165., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 40 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baser, K.H.C.; Ozek, T.; Demirci, B.; Kurkcuoglu, M.; Aytac, Z.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oils of Zosima absinthifolia (Vent.) Link and Ferula elaeochytris Korovin from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 371-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1944 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Guntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 553-560., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Paolini, J.; Tomi, P.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Bradesi, P.; Casanova, J.; Kaloustian, J., Detailed analysis of the essential oil from Cistus albidus L. by combination of GC/RI, GC/MS and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, N.Z. J. Agric. Res., 22(14), 2008, 1270-1278., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Nakamura, K.; Tamura, H., The aroma profile of the volatile in marine green algae (Ulva pertusa), Food Reviews International, 6(4), 1990, 573-589., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vendramini, A.L.; Trugo, L.C., Chemical composition of acerola fruit (Malpighia punicifolia L.) at three stages of maturity, Food Chem., 71, 2000, 195-198., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: Cross-Linked Methylsilicone; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bravo, A.; Hotchkiss, J.H., Identification of volatile compounds resulting from the thermal oxidation of polyethylene, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 47, 1993, 1741-1748.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1981 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (2 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 90 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 220 0C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Borse, B.B.; Rao, L.J.M.; Ramalaksmi, K.; Raghavan, B., Chemical composition of volatiles from coconut sap (neera) end effect of processing, Food Chem., 101, 2007, 877-880., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferhat, M.A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Comparison of different isolation methods of essential oil from Citrus fruits: cold pressing, hydrodistillation and microwave “dry” distillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 494-504., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tzakou, O.; Said, A.; Farag, A.; Rashed, K., Volatile constituents of Ailanthus excelsa Roxb., Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 899-901., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vazquez, C., Volatile constituents of genipap (Genipa americana L.) fruit from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 583-586., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Singh G.; Maurya S.; de Lampasona M.P.; Catalan C.A.N., Studies on essential oils, Part 41. Chemical composition, antifungal, antioxidant and sprout suppressant activities of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) essential oil and its oleoresin, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 472-479., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawai, T.; Ishida, Y.; Kakiuchi, H.; Ikeda, N.; Higashida, T.; Nakamura, S., Flavor components of dried squid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(4), 1991, 770-777.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1968 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 4 min; CAS no: 57103; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors:

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