Phenethyl butyrate C12H16O2 structure

C12H16O2 structure
Molecular Formula C12H16O2
Average mass 192.254 Da
Density 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 270.0±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 109.9±17.1 °C
Molar Refractivity 56.1±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 22.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 35.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 191.8±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1458 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_282449, replib_134103, replib_228717, replib_249869, replib_282264
      1405 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rao, B.R.R.; Sastry, K.P.; Saleem, S.M.; Rao, E.V.S.P.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Volatile flower oils of three genotypes of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 105-107.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1930 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wong, K.C.; Teng, Y.E., Volatile Components of Mimusops elengi L. Flowers, J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 1994, 453-458.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1975 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2176-2180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2176-2180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1431 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontan, A.; Gatti, P.; Martinez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley’s glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 32(1), 2007, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1416.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Joulain, D.; Casazza, A.; Laurent, R.; Portier, D.; Guillamon, N.; Pandya, R.; Le, M.; Viljoen, A., Volatile flavor constituents of fruits from Southern Africa: mobola plum (Parinari curatellifolia), J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 2322-2325.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1422 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 33(1), 1982, 47-50., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1411 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1415 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 2056-2062.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1429 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 33(1), 1982, 47-50.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1447 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1457 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -; 210 0C ^ 40 0C/min -; 240 0C (10 min); CAS no: 103526; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1439 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sefidkon, F.; Jamzad, Z.; Mirza, M., Chemical variation in the essential oil of Satureja sahendica from Iran, Food Chem., 88, 2004, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1959 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontan, A.; Gatti, P.; Martinez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley’s glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 32(1), 2007, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1958 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1930 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1915 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawakami, M.; Ganguly, S.N.; Banerjee, J.; Kobayashi, A., Aroma composition of oolong tea and black tea by brewed extraction method and characterizing compounds of Darjeeling tea aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 200-207.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1446 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 22 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: de Frutos, M.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., Characterization of artisanal cheeses by GC and GC/MS analysis of their medium volatility (SDE) fraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(3), 1991, 524-530.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1440 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1968 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 103526; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5124-5134.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 270.0±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 50.8±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 109.9±17.1 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.497
Molar Refractivity: 56.1±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 6
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.36
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 3.12
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 137.36
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1180.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.12
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 137.36
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1180.00
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 22.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 35.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 191.8±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 3.55

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 269.08 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): 32.02 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 0.00859 (Modified Grain method)
 Subcooled liquid VP: 0.00992 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 44.15
 log Kow used: 3.55 (estimated)
 no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 26.317 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:
 Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 3.31E-005 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: 6.58E-006 atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 4.922E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: 3.55 (KowWin est)
 Log Kaw used: -2.869 (HenryWin est)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 6.419
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 1.0130
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.9988
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 2.8617 (weeks )
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 3.7357 (days-weeks )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.6180
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.7695
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.6256
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 1.32 Pa (0.00992 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 6.419
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 2.27E-006 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 6.44E-007 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 8.19E-005 
 Mackay model : 0.000181 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 5.15E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 9.5042 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 1.125 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
 Half-Life = 13.505 Hrs
 Ozone Reaction:
 No Ozone Reaction Estimation
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.000132 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 878.9
 Log Koc: 2.944 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C : 7.727E-002 L/mol-sec
 Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 103.820 days 
 Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 2.842 years 

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.037 (BCF = 108.8)
 log Kow used: 3.55 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 6.58E-006 atm-m3/mole (estimated by Group SAR Method)
 Half-Life from Model River: 124.8 hours (5.2 days)
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 1478 hours (61.57 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
 Total removal: 14.52 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.19 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 14.00 percent
 Total to Air: 0.32 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 1.97 27 1000 
 Water 23.9 360 1000 
 Soil 73 720 1000 
 Sediment 1.17 3.24e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 475 hr




 

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