(+)-Pinene C10H16 structure

C10H16 structure
Molecular Formula C10H16
Average mass 136.234 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 157.9±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 32.2±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 44.0±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 17.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 25.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 154.9±3.0 cm3

(±)-Pinene C10H16 structure

C10H16 structure
Molecular Formula C10H16
Average mass 136.234 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 157.9±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 32.2±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 44.0±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 17.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 25.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 154.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 157.9±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 3.5±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 37.8±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 32.2±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.479
Molar Refractivity: 44.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.37
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.14
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 821.53
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 4245.11
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.14
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 821.53
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 4245.11
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 17.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 25.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 154.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 4.27
 Log Kow (Exper. database match) = 4.83
 Exper. Ref: Li,J & Perdue,EM (1995)
 Log Kow (Exper. database match) = 4.48
 Exper. Ref: Griffin,S et al. (1999)
 Log Kow (Exper. database match) = 4.44
 Exper. Ref: Griffin,S et al. (1999)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 157.25 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): -13.62 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 4.02 (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
 MP (exp database): -62 deg C
 BP (exp database): 155.5 deg C
 VP (exp database): 4.75E+00 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 4.071
 log Kow used: 4.44 (expkow database)
 no-melting pt equation used
 Water Sol (Exper. database match) = 2.49 mg/L (25 deg C)
 Exper. Ref: LI,J & PERDUE,EM (1995)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 3.4834 mg/L
 Wat Sol (Exper. database match) = 2.49
 Exper. Ref: LI,J & PERDUE,EM (1995)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:
 Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 1.07E-001 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: Incomplete
 Exper Database: 2.94E-01 atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 1.770E-001 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: 4.44 (exp database)
 Log Kaw used: 1.080 (exp database)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 3.360
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 0.4988
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.3432
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 2.6860 (weeks-months)
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 3.4977 (days-weeks )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.4462
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.3302
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.0285
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) : 1.6807
 BioHC Half-Life (days) : 47.9347

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 633 Pa (4.75 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 3.360
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 4.74E-009 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 5.62E-010 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 1.71E-007 
 Mackay model : 3.79E-007 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 4.5E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 90.7477 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 0.118 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
 Half-Life = 1.414 Hrs
 Ozone Reaction:
 OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant = 43.000000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = 0.027 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
 Half-Life = 38.378 Min
 Reaction With Nitrate Radicals May Be Important!
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.75E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 1204
 Log Koc: 3.081 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.719 (BCF = 523.4)
 log Kow used: 4.44 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 0.294 atm-m3/mole (Henry experimental database)
 Half-Life from Model River: 1.193 hours
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 110.9 hours (4.62 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
 Total removal: 99.34 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.11 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 31.63 percent
 Total to Air: 67.61 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 1.13 1.94 1000 
 Water 38.7 900 1000 
 Soil 34.9 1.8e+003 1000 
 Sediment 25.3 8.1e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 201 hr




 

Click to predict properties on the Chemicalize site

(±)-Pinene C10H16 structure

C10H16 structure
Molecular Formula C10H16
Average mass 136.234 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 166.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 34.9±5.8 °C
Molar Refractivity 43.8±0.4 cm3
Polarizability 17.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 27.1±5.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 153.1±5.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      943 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_232339, mainlib_118895, replib_3319, replib_79636, replib_149871, replib_113186
      972 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (8 min) ^ 3 K/min -> 180 0C ^ 20 K/min (20 min); CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Frizzo, C.D.; Serafini, L.A.; Dellacassa, E.; Lorenzo, D.; Moyna, P., Essential oil of Baccharis uncinella DC. from Southern Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 286-288., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C=>5C/min=>220C(5min) =>3C/min =>245C(5min); CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dwivedi, S.; Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunnder, K.V.; Srivastava, A., Essential oil composition of different accessions of Mentha * piperita L. grown on the northern plains of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 437-440., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kardali, M.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Perez-Alonso, M., Essential Oil Constituents of Sideritis ibanyezii Pau, Botanica Complutensis, 24, 2000, 101-106., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Allegrone, G.; Belliardo, F.; Cabella, P., Comparison of volatile concentrations in hand-squeezed juices of four different lemon varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 1844-1848.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      971 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C=>5C/min =>220C (5min) =>3C/min =>245C(5min); CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Verma, S.C.; Srivastava, S.K.; Shawl, A.S.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Khanuja, S.P.S.; Kumar, T., Essential oil composition of Taxus wallichiana Zucc. from the Northern Himalayan region of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 772-775., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 28 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Viswanathan, M.B.; Maridass, M.; Thangadurai, D.; Ramesh, N., Chemical constituents of the fruit essential oil of Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel (Ebenaceae), Acta Pharmaceutica, 52, 2002, 207-211., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 28 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Saad, H.-E.A.; El-Sharkawy, S.H.; Halim, A.F., Essential oils of Daucus carota ssp. maximus, Pharm. Acta Helv., 70, 1995, 79-84., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 28 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nagalakshmi, M.A.H.; Thangadurai, D.; Anuradha, T.; Pullaiah, T., Essential oil constituents of Melia dubia, a wild relative of Azadirachta indica growing in the Eastern Ghats of Peninsular India, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 241-244., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 28 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Thangadurai, D.; Anitha, S.; Pullaiah, T.; Reddy, P.N.; Ramachandraiah, O.S., Essential oil constituents and in vitro antimicrobial activity of Decalepis hamiltonii roots against foodborne pathogens, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 3147-3149., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shawl, A.S.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Tripathi, S.; Raina, V.K., Essential oil composition of Achillea millefolium L. growing wild in Kashmir, India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 165-168., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.55 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Aggarwal, K.K.; Ramesh, S.; Kumar, S., Essential oil composition of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume leaves from Little Andaman, India, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 374-376.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 C ^ 4K/min -> 200 C ^ 10 K/min -> 280 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: AT-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khouri, N.; Usubillaga, A.; Rojas, L.B.; Galarraga, F., The essential oil of Espeletia weddellii Sch. Bip. ex Wedd., Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 263-265., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Malingre, T.M.; Maarse, H., Composition of the essential oil of Mentha aquatica, Phytochemistry, 13, 1974, 1531-1535., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Amparo Blazquez, M.; Perez, I.; Boira, H., Essential oil analysis of Teucrium libanitis and T. turredanum by GC and GC-MS, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 497-501., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hazzit, M.; Baaliouamer, A.; Faleiro, M.L.; Miguel, M.G., Composition of the Essential Oils of Thymus and Origanum Species from Algeria and Their Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 6314-6321., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Salido, S.; Altarejos, J.; Nogueras, M.; Sanchez, A.; Pannecouque, C.; Witvrouw, M.; De Clercq, E., Chemical studies of essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. badia, J. Ethnopharmacol., 81, 2002, 129-134., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: da Silva, M.H.L.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Luz, A.I.R.; da Silva, J.D.; Maia, J.G.S., The essential oils of Lantana camara L. occurring in North Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 208-210., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Juliani, H.R.; Simon, J.E., Antioxidant acitivity of basil, in Trends in new crops and new uses, Janick,J.; Whipkey,A., ed(s), ASHA Press, Alexandria, Va, 2002, 575-579., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramos, M.F.S.; Siani, A.C.; Tappin, M.R.R.; Guimaraes, A.C.; Lahoz, J.E.; Ribeiro, J.E.L.S., Essential oils from oleoresins of Protium spp. of the Amazon region, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 383-387., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mevy, J.P.; Bessiere, J.M.; Rabier, J.; Dherbomez, M.; Ruzzier, M.; Millogo, J.; Viano, J., Composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil of Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq., Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 80-83., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ogunwande, I.A.; Olawore, N.O.; Kasali, A.A.; Konig, W.A., Chemical composition of the leaf volatile oils of Callitris intratropica R.T. Baker & H.G. Smith from Nigeria, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 387-389., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kasali, A.A.; Adio, A.M.; Oyedeji, A.O.; Eshilokun, A.O.; Adefenwa, M., Volatile constituents of Boswellia serrata Roxb. (Burseraceae) bark, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 462-464., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ogunwande, I.A.; Olawore, N.O.; Adeleke, K.A.; Ekundayo, O.; Koenig, W.A., Chemical composition of the leaf volatile oil of Psidium guajava L. growing in Nigeria, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 136-138., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kaul, V.K.; Gujral, R.K.; Singh, B., Volatile constituents of the essential oil of flowers of Rosa brunonii Lindl, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 9-11., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ekundayo, O.; Laakso, I.; Adegbola, R.-M.; Oguntimein, B.; Sofowora, A.; Hiltunen, R., Essential oil constituents of Ashanti pepper (Piper guineense) fruits (berries), J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(5), 1988, 880-882.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      974 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Baranauskiene, R.; Venskutonis, P.R.; Viskelis, P.; Dambrauskiene, E., Influence of nitrogen fertilizers on the yield and composition of thyme (Thymus vulgaris), J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7751-7758., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Siani, A.C.; Garrido, I.S.; Monteiro, S.S.; Carvalho, E.S.; Ramos, M.F.S., Protium icicariba as a source of volatile essences, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 32, 2004, 477-489., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jantan, I.; Ahmad, A.S.; Ahmad, A.R.; Ali, N.A.M.; Ayop, N., Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 1996, 627-632., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jantan, I.; Ali, N.A.M.; Ahmad, A.S.; Ahmad, A.R., Constituents of the essential oil of Leptospermum javanicum blume from peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 10, 1995, 255-258., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jantan I.; Ahmad A.S., Oleoresins of three pinus species from malaysian pine plantations, ASEAN Review of Biodiversity&Environment Conservation, , 1999, 1-9., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ogunwande, I.A.; Olawore, N.O.; Adeleke, K.A.; Ekundayo, O.; Konig, W.A., Rare terpenoid esters from Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf. growing wild in Nigeria, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 239-243., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Menut, C.; Molangui, T.; Lamaty, G.E.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Habimana, J.-B. Menut.; Molangui, T.; Lamaty, G.E.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Habimana, J.-B., Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. 23. Chemical composition of leaf essential oils of Eucalyptus goniocalyx F. Muell. and Eucalyptus patens Benth. grown in Rwanda, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1267-1271., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Poser, G.L.; Menut, C.; Toffoli, M.E.; Verin, P.; Sobral, M.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Lamaty, G.; Henriques, A.T., Essential oil composition and allelopathic effect of the Brazilian Lamiaceae Hesperozygis ringens (Benth.) Epling and Hesperozygis rhododon Epling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 1829-1832., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kuiate, J.-R.; Zollo, P.-H.A.; Lamaty, G.; Menut, C.; Bessiere, J.-M., Composition of the essential oils from the leaves of two varieties of Aspilia africana (Pers.) C. D. Adams from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 167-169., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Verma, S.C.; Dhawan, S.; Khan, M.; Ramesh, S.; Singh, S.C.; Yadav, A.; Srivastava, S.K., Essential oil composition of Murraya exotica from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 140-142., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.55 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Ahmad, A.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Aggarwal, K.K., Essential oil composition of Curcuma longa L. cv. Roma from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 99-102.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      970 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Fiorini, C.; Fouraste, I.; David, B.; Bessiere, J.M., Composition of the flower, leaf, and stem essential oils from Laurus nobilis L., Flavour Fragr. J., 12, 1997, 91-93., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 3 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Srivastava, A.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V., Volatile composition of Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. rhizome from central and southern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 423-426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      969 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ozcan, M.; Tzakou, O.; Couladis, M., Essential oil composition of Turkish herbal tea (Salvia aucheri Bentham var. canescens Boiss. & Heldr.), Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 325-327., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Walde, S.G.; Jyothirmayi, T.; Prabhakara Rao, P.G.; Srinivas, P., Flavour volatiles of flowers and stalks of Murraya koenigii L., Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 581-584.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      966 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 23 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.3 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bicchi, C.; Frattini, C.; Nano, G.M.; D’Amato, A., On column injection-dual channel analysis of essential oils, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 56-60., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Behera, S.; Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M., Microwave heating and conventional roasting of cumin seeds (Cuminum cyminum L.) and effect on chemical composition of volatiles, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 25-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      979 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (3min) =; 3C/min =; 180C =; 30C/min =; 270C (5min); CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Daferera, D.J.; Ziogas, B.N.; Polissiou, M.G., The effectiveness of plant essential oils on the growth of Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium sp. and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Crop Prot., 22, 2003, 39-44., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=;2C/min=;60C=;4C/min=;240C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Santos, A.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents of fruits of Annona glabra L. from Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 148-150., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(5min) =;2C/min =;140C= 5C/min =;250C(5min); CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tuberoso, C.I.G.; Kowalczyk, A.; Coroneo, V.; Russo, M.T.; Dessi, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical Composition and Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Antifungal Activities of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 10148-10153., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 C (1 min) ^ 4 K/min -; 200 C ^ 10 K/min -; 280 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: AT-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rojas, L.B.; Usubillaga, A., Composition of the essential oil fo Satureja brownei (SW.) Briq. from Venezuela, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 21-22., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 17-26., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tellez, M.R.; Estell, R.E.; Fredrickson, E.L.; Havstad, K.M., Essential oil of Dyssodia acerosa DC., J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3276-3278., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Juliani, H.R.; Zygadlo, J.A.; Scrivanti, R.; de la Sota, E.; Simon, J.E., The essential oil of Anemia tomentosa (Savigny) Sw. var. anthriscifolia (Schrad.) Mickel, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 541-543., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 246 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P.; Morris, J.A.; Pandey, R.N.; Schwarzbach, A.E., Cryptic speciation between Juniperus deltoides and Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 771-787., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tzakou, O.; Harvala, C.; Galati, E.M.; Sanogo, R., Essential oil composition of Nepeta argolica Borey et Chaub. subsp. argolica, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 115-118., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wong, K.C.; Tie, D.Y., The Essential Oil of the Leaves of Murraya koenigii Spreng., J. Essent. Oil Res., 5, 1993, 371-374., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Breheret, S.; Talou, T.; Rapior, S.; Bessiere, J.-M., Monoterpenes in the aroma of fresh wild mushrooms (Basidiomycetes), J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 831-836., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yadav, A.R.; Chauhan, A.S.; Rekha, M.N.; Rao, L.J.M.; Ramteke, R.S., Flavour quality of dehydrated lime [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle], Food Chem., 85, 2004, 59-62.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      973 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C =; 5C/min =; 220C (5min) =; 3C/min =; 245 C (5min); CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Yadav, A.K., Chemical composition of fruit and stem essential oils of Lantana camara from northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 376-379., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 C ^ 5 C/min -; 220 C (5 min) ^ 3 C/min -; 245 C (5 min); CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Singh, M.; Naqvi, A.A., Chemical composition of leaf and flower essential oil of Lantana camara from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 75-77., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Merle, H.; Moron, M.; Blazquez, A.; Boira, H., Taxonomical contribution of essential oils in mandarins cultivars, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 32, 2004, 491-497., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phenological cycle, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 32, 2004, 735-745., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kulkarni, R.N.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Baskaran, K.; Ramesch, S.; Kumar, S., Composition of the essential oils of two isomenthone-rich variants of geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 389-392., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.55 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jain, N.; Aggarwal, K.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Srivastava, S.K.; Kumar, S., Essential oil composition of geranium (Pelargonium sp.) from the plains of Northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 44-46.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      975 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>4C/min=>180C=>20C/min=>280C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Araujo, E.C.C.; Silveira, E.R.; Lima, M.A.S.; Neto, M.A.; de Andrade, I.L.; Lima, M.A.A.; Santiago, G.M.P.; Mesquita, A.L.M., Insecticidal activity and chemical composition of volatile oils from Hyptis martiusii Benth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3760-3762., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Angioni, A.; Barra, A.; Coroneo, V.; Dessi, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical composition, seasonal variability, and antifungal activity of Lavandula stoechas L. ssp. stoechas essential oils from stem/leaves and flowers, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 4364-4370., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: da Silva, M.H.L.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Maia, J.G.S., The essential oils of Peperomia pellucida Kunth and P. circinnata link var. circinnata, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 312-314., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sajjadi, S.E.; Ghassemi, N., Volatile constituents of Nepeta glomerulosa Boiss. subsp. carmanica, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 265-267., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yanez, X.; Pinzon, M.L.; Solano, F.; Sanchez, L.R., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Psidium caudatum McVaugh, Molecules, 7, 2002, 712-716., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 120 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Loayza, I.; Abujder, D.; Aranda, R.; Jakupovic, J.; Collin, G.; Deslauriers, H.; Jean, F.-I., Essential oils of Baccharis salicifolia, B. latifolia and B. dracunculifolia, Phytochemistry, 38(2), 1995, 381-389., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kaul, V.K.; Vats, S.K., Essential oil composition of Bothriochloa pertusa and phyletic relationship in aromatic grasses, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 26, 1998, 347-356., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Vera, R.R.; Chane-Ming, J., Chemical composition of the essential oil of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) from Reunion Island, Food Chem., 66, 1999, 143-145., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunder, K.V., Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 18-20., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: John, K.S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Bhat, S.G.; Rao, U.J.S.P., Characterization of aroma components of sap from different Indian mango varieties, Phytochemistry, 52, 1999, 891-894., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mallavarapu, G.R.; Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Ramesh, S.; Bhattacharya, A.K., Volatile constituents of the essential oils of the seeds and the herb of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. var. motia Burk.), Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 167-169.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      976 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 120 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Loayza, I.; Abujder, D.; Aranda, R.; Jakupovic, J.; Collin, G.; Deslauriers, H.; Jean, F.-I., Essential oils of Baccharis salicifolia, B. latifolia and B. dracunculifolia, Phytochemistry, 38(2), 1995, 381-389., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunder, K.V., The essential oil of ‘greater galangal’ [Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.] from the lower Himalayan region of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 358-360., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adegoke, G.O.; Rao, L.J.M.; Shankaracharya, N.B., A comparison of the essential oils of Aframomum daniellii (Hook. f.) K. Schum. and Amomum subulatum Roxb, Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 349-352., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Ramesh, S., First observation of little leaf disease and its impact on the yield and composition of the essential oil of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 137-140., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rajeswara Rao, B.R., Biomass yield, essential oil yield and essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium species) as influenced by row spacings and intercropping with cornmint (Mentha arvensis L.f. piperascens Malinv. ex Holmes), Ind. Crops Prod., 16, 2002, 133-144., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rao B.R.R., Biomass yield, essential oil yield and essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium species) as influenced by row spacings and intercropping with cornmint (Mentha arvensis L.f. piperascens Malinv. ex Holmes), Industrial Crops and Products, 16, 2002, 133-144., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.55 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 127913; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase t

      (-)-Pinene C10H16 structure

      C10H16 structure
      Molecular Formula C10H16
      Average mass 136.234 Da
      Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
      Boiling Point 166.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
      Flash Point 34.9±5.8 °C
      Molar Refractivity 43.8±0.4 cm3
      Polarizability 17.3±0.5 10-24cm3
      Surface Tension 27.1±5.0 dyne/cm
      Molar Volume 153.1±5.0 cm3