Tetrahydrofuran C4H8O structure

C4H8O structure
Molecular Formula C4H8O
Average mass 72.106 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 68.3±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point -17.2±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 20.1±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 7.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 28.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 79.8±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      589 (estimated with error: 68) NIST Spectra mainlib_227725, replib_297, replib_118704
      617 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: CBP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 2), 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      630 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Ar; Substrate: Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelfluchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 33, 1984, 6-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      626 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gaschrom Q; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 17(3), 1983, 160-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      609 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 847-850.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      610 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 847-850.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      609.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      609.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      611 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      621 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 12 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 12 min; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 659-662.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      618 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      620 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      631 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      602.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      612.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      640 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 109999; Active phase: Silicon High Vacuum Grease (obsolete); Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jonas, J.; Janak, J.; Kratochvil, M., Structural investigations with the aid of Kovats retention index system on one (nonpolar) stationary phase, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 332-335., Program

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