Thiophene C4H4S structure

C4H4S structure
Molecular Formula C4H4S
Average mass 84.140 Da
Density 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 84.2±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point -1.1±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 24.6±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 9.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 33.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 78.9±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless to pale yellow liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents,nitrates. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      IPR-MUS LD50 100 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11-20/21/22-36/38-52/53 Alfa Aesar A13941
      16-26-29-33-36/37-61 Alfa Aesar A13941
      3 Alfa Aesar A13941
      9-16-23-26-33-36/37-60-61 Alfa Aesar A13941
      Danger Alfa Aesar A13941
      Danger Biosynth Q-100055
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, causes CNS injury, lung & eye irritation Alfa Aesar A13941
      GHS02; GHS05; GHS06; GHS08 Biosynth Q-100055
      H225; H302; H315; H318; H331; H335; H340; H350; H373 Biosynth Q-100055
      H225-H331-H302-H312-H315-H319-H412 Alfa Aesar A13941
      Irritant/Highly Flammable SynQuest 5H66-1-07
      P201; P210; P261; P280; P305+P351+P338; P311 Biosynth Q-100055
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A13941
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      705 (estimated with error: 46) NIST Spectra mainlib_291513, replib_531, replib_19355, replib_227709
      668 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Beletsky, I.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Chromatographic and IR characteristics of methyl-, formyl-, and acetyl-substituted furans and thiophenes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 43(1), 1994, 64-69, In original 70-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      670 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DC-200; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 28-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      671 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DC-200; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      694 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 45(1), 2004, 144-150., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Carrier gas: He or N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 40(4), 1985, 576-586, In original 709-720., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Substrate: Chromosorb W, AW/DMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Aerov, A.F., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulfur-containing compounds. 5. Thiophene, furan, and benzene derivatives, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 11, 1978, 2271-2274, In original 2543-2547.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      674.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      679.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      686.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      700 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      685.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      683 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      686 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      675 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mikhailova, T.V.; Gren, A.I.; Vysotskaja, L.E.; Misharina, T.A.; Vitt, S.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Identification of sulphur-organic compounds obtained by thermal treatment of the meat broths in the presence of alkyl-mercaptopropanol, Nahrung, 29(7), 1985, 671-680.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      664.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ryba, M., Unlosliche Restfilme er stationaren Flussigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 9(3), 1976, 105-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ryba, M., Unlosliche Restfilme er stationaren Flussigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 9(3), 1976, 105-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      632 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      644 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      693 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      652 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1054 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 45(1), 2004, 144-150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1039 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1023 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 802-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1046 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      650 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 65, 1993, 3119-3126., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.; Wang, Z.; Zong, B.; Yang, H., Determination of sulfur compounds in fluid catalytic cracking gasoline by gas chromatography with a sulfur chemiluminiscence detector, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 22(3), 2004, 216-219.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      651.8 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) =>10C/min=> 110C=>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of unleaded gasoline, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      646 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 150 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.-T.; Wang, Z.; Han. J.-H.; Tian, H.-P.; Yang, H.-Y., Determination of sulfur compounds in gasoline fraction of microreactor products by gas chromatography – Atomic emission detector, Petrochemical Technology (Shiyou Huagong), 32(11), 2003, 995-998.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      647 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.-T.; Wang, Z.; Han. J.-H.; Tian, H.-P.; Yang, H.-Y., Determination of sulfur compounds in gasoline fraction of microreactor products by gas chromatography – Atomic emission detector, Petrochemical Technology (Shiyou Huagong), 32(11), 2003, 995-998., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.T.; Yang, H.Y.; Zong, B.N.; Lu, W.Z., determination and distribution of sulfur compounds in gasoline by gas chromatography-atomic emission detector, Chinise J. Anal. Chem. (Fenxi Huaxue), 31(10), 2003, 1153-1158.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      643.23 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baraldi, R.; Rapparini, F.; Rossi, F.; Latella, A.; Ciccioli, P., Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees, Phys. Chem. Earth, 24(6), 1999, 729-732.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      685 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2260-2265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      651 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35(1)-10^ -> 55-25^ ->250; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nedjma, M.; Maujean, A., Improved chromatographic analysis of volatile sulfur compounds by the static headspace technique on water-alcohol solutions and brandies with chemiluminescence detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 704, 1995, 495-502.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      657.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure — property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      653 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Kuznetsova, L.M., Logic Criteria on Prediction of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices from Physico-Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 315(4), 1990, 881-885, In original 881-885.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      644 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP-Sil 5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; van Dalen, A.C.K.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenck, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolisates of sulfur-rich kerogenes, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: