Chemistry

Alkaline Earth Metals

Group 2A

Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba
Alkali Metals
Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr

Group IIA hydroxides

M(OH)2

 

M= Ca, Ba & Sr

Strong Bases

Group IA hydroxides

 

MOH : M= Li, Na, K, Cs & Fr

Strong Bases
HClO4

Perchloric acid

(Strong)

HClO3

Chloric acid

(Strong)

H2SO4

Sulfuric acid

(Strong)

HNO3

Nitric acid

(Strong)

HI (aq)

Hydroiodic acid

(strong)

HBr

hydrobromic acid

(strong)

HCl

hydrochloric acid

(strong)

CH4
Methane
NH3
Ammonia(g)
HF

Hydrogen fluoride (g)

Hydro fluoric acid (weak acid)

H2O2
Hydrogen peroxide
C6H12O6

Carbohydrates –

glucose or fructose

(Both have same formula)

CH3COOH

(HC2H3O2)

acetic acid

CH3CH2OH

(C2H5OH)

Ethanol
CH3OH

Methanol 

(liquid organic compound)

What are the diatomic molocules?
H2, N2, O2, F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
What is the name of O3
ozone
What is the chemical formula and charge for sulfate?
SO42-
What is the chemical formula and charge for Phosphate?
PO43-
Cl
Chlorine
Ca
Calcium
Ne
Neon
F
florine
O
oxygen
Mg
Magnesium
Na
Sodium
N
Nitrogen
C
Carbon
B
Boron
P
Phosphorus
Si
Silicon
Be
Beryllium
He
Helium
Al
Aluminum
K
Potassium
Li
Lithium
H
Hydrogen
S
Sulphur
Ar
Argon
MnO4
Permanganate
NO3 
Nitrate
C2H3O2
acetate
CrO42-
chromate
ClO3
chlorate
CO32-
Carbonate
SO32-
Sulfite
NO2
nitrite

Metathesis Reactions:

What gas is formed when CO32- + 2H+?

CO2

Metathesis Reactions:

What is the interim step of the 2H+ CO32- reaction?

H2CO3

Metathesis Reactions:

What is produced from carbonates in reaction with acids?

H2O + CO2
What is the formula for Molarity (M)?

                            moles of solute

     Molarity (M) =   —————————

                            liters of solution

 

mercury (I)
Hg22+
Mercury(II)
Hg2+
NH4+

Ammonium

 

(Not to be confused with Ammonia, NH3)

OH
hydroxyl
What is the formula for diluting solutions?

Vdil·Mdil = Vcon·Mcon

 

Volume dilute times Molarity dilute

=

Volume concentrate times Molarity conentrate

Mnemonic for Group 1A Alkali Metals
HighLi Nasty Kids Rub Cats Fur
Mnemonic for Group 2A Alkali Earth Metals
Beer MugCaServe BaRats
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