Chemistry

HC2 H3 O2
acetic acid
H3 BO3
Boric Acid
H2 CO3
carbonic acid
HCl
hydrochloric acid
HNO3
nitric acid
1:3 HNO3:HCL
aqua regia
H3 PO4
phosphoric acid
H2 SO4
sulfuric acid
NH4 OH
ammonium hydroxide
NH3
ammonia
CA(OH)2
calcium hydroxide
NaOH
sodium hydroxide
KOH
potassium hydroxide
mono
1
di-
2
tri-
3
tetra-
4
penta
5
hexa
6
hepta
7
octa
8
nona
9
deca
10
undeca
11
dodeca
12
THREE STATES OF MATTER
GAS, LIQUID, SOLID
ATOMS OF AN ELEMENT _______________
HAVE ONLY ONE KIND OF ANY ATOM (1)
MOLECULES OF AN ELEMENT ______________________
HAVE ONLY ONE KIND OF ATOM IS IN THE ANY ELEMENT
MOLECULES OF COMPOUND____________________
MUST HAVE AT LEAST TWO KINDS OF ATOMS
MIXTURE OF ELEMENTS AND A COMPOUND
NOT PURE
CHEMICAL
ANYTHING MADE UP OF ATOMS
MATTER
ANYTHING THAT HAS A MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
ATOMS
THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF MATTER
ELEMENT
MADE OF THE SAME KIND OF ATOM
COMPOUND
MADE OF TWO OR MORE DIFFERENT KINDS OF ELEMENTS
SOLIDS HAVE
A DEFINITE SHAPE, VOLUME, PARTICLES THAT ARE CLOSE TOGETHER IN A FIXED ARRANGEMENT, AND PARTICLES THAT ARE MOVING SLOWLY
LIQUIDS HAVE
AN INDEFINITE SHAPE BUT A DEFINITE VOLUME, SHAPE THE CONTAINER ITS IN, PARTICLES THAT ARE CLOSE TOGETHER BUT MOBILE, AND PARTICLES THAT MOVE SLOWLY
GASES HAVE
AN INDEFINITE SHAPE, VOLUME, BUT THE SAME SHAPE AND VOLUME OF ITS CONTAINER. THE PARTICLES ARE FAR APART AND MOVE VERY FAST
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
CAN BE OBSERVED W/O CHANGING A SUBSTANCE INTO ANOTHER SUBSTANCE. I.E. BOILING POINT, DENSITY, MASS, VOLUME. ECT
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
CAN ONLY BE OBSERVED WHEN A SUBSTANCE IS CHANGED INTO ANOTHER SUBSTANCE. I.E. FLAMMABILITY, CORROSIVENESS, REACTIVITY WITH ACID, ECT.
INTENSIVE PROPERTIES
ARE INDEPENDENT OF THE AMOUNT OF THE SUBSTANCE THAT IS PRESENT.
EXTENSIVE PROPERTIES
DEPEND UPON THE AMOUNT OF THE SUBSTANCE PRESENT
PHYSICAL CHANGES
ARE CHANGES IN MATTER THAT DO NOT CHANGE THE COMPOSITION OF A SUBSTANCE
CHEMICAL CHANGES
RESULT IN A NEW SUBSTANCE/SUBSTANCES
PURE SUBSTANCE
MATTER WITH A SPECIFIC COMPOSITION,
FILTRATION
SOLID SUBSTANCES ARE SEPERATED FROM LIQUIDS AND SOLUTIONS
DISTILLATION
USES DIFFERENCES IN THE BOILING POINTS OF A SUBSTANCES TO SEPERATE A HOMOGENEOUS MIXTURE INTO ITS COMPONENTS
CHROMATOGRAPHY
TECHNIQUE SEPERATES SUBSTANCES ON THE BASIS OF DIFFERENCES IN SOLUBILITY IN A SOLVENT
GRAM
MASS
LENGTH
M
TIME
S OR SEC
TEMPERATURE
K
AMOUNT OF SUBSTANCE
MOL
ELECTRIC CURRENT
AMP OR A
LUMINOUS INTENSITY
CD
GIGA-
BILLION
MEGA-
MILLION
KILO
THOUSAND
CENTI
100TH
MILLI
1000TH
MICRO
MILLIONTH
NANO
BILLIONTH
PICO
TRILLIONTH
MEASUREMENT OF VOLUME
CM3
K=CELCIUS+273.15
HOW TO CONVERT CELCIUS TO KELVIN
9/5(C)+32
HOW TO CONVERT F TO C
5/9(F-32)=C
HOW TO CONVERT C TO F
DENSITY
D=M/V