Chemistry

CHEMISTRY
it is the science of atomic matter, especially its chemical reactions and it also focuses on the structure, composition and properties of an atomic matter, transformation and energy.
NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY
Branch of chemistry that is associated with nuclear reaction and isotopes
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Branch of chemistry that studies carbon and its compounds.
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Branch of chemistry that studies compounds not covered by carbon.
BIOCHEMISTRY
Branch of chemistry that involves living organisms.
AGROCHEMISTRY
Branch of chemistry that involves the application of chemistry to agricultural means.
THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY
Branch of chemistry which is the mathematical study of chemistry
TECHNOLOGY
The application of science
CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
The application of chemistry to a particular purpose.
1. INDUSTRY DEPENDS ON CHEMISTRY
2. PROFESSION & OCCUPATION NEED KNOWLEDGE OF CHEMISTRY
3. APPLICATION OF CHEMICAL THEORIES PRODUCES NEW AND BETTER MATERIALS
Give the three major roles of chemistry to our life.
ARTISANS
The ones who does ancient arts
ORE
Mixture of a metal and a substance/mineral
COPPER
What metal can you extract from Malachite Ore?
PRACTICAL ARTS/ANCIENT ARTS
Chemistry from an unknown BC – 600 BC
Extracting metal from its ore, manufacture of pottery, production of yeast/drugs, baking and brewing
FIVE ELEMENT THEORY
Theory that tells that all substances/elements that are present on earth are fire, water, earth and wind.
ARISTOTLE
Who proposed the five element theory?
DEMOCRITUS
Tells that the Atom is the smallest unit of matter.
1. TO CREATE THE PHILOSOPHER’S STONE
2. TO TURN BASE METALS INTO GOLD
What are the two primary goals of alchemists?
ROBERT BOYLE
He questioned the attitude of the alchemists and published the book “The Skeptical “Chemist”
PHLOGISTON THEORY
The theory that tells us that every combustible material contains phlogiston.
JOHANN BEECHER
He proposed the Phlogiston Theory
ANTOINE LAVOISIER
He is the father of modern chemistry.
ANTOINE LAVOISIER
Who disagreed with the phlogiston theory?
SIR ISAAC NEWTON
Made the law of conservation of energy.
OBSERVATION
Anything that can be perceived by our senses.
1. QUALITATIVE
2. QUANTITATIVE
Two types of observation.
PREDICTION
An intelligent guess.
CONCLUSION
Sum of all ideas
1. NUMERICAL VALUE
2. UNIT
A measurement is composed of what two parts?
Material Safety Data Sheet
What is the meaning of MSDS?
1. METRIC SYSTEM
2. ENGLISH SYSTEM
What are the two kinds/systems of measurement?
1. FUNDAMENTAL
2. DERIVED
What are the two kinds of units?
ACCURACY
The closeness of a number to the true value.
PRECISION
The closeness of the measured values to each other
1.609 km
1 mile is equivalent to _____ km
2.2 lbs
1 kilogram is equivalent to _____ lbs
F = (C * 1.8) + 32
Formula from Celsius to Fahrenheit
C = (F-32) / 1.8
Formula from Fahrenheit to Celsius
K = C + 273
Formula from Celsius to Kelvin
1 cm^3
1 mL is how many cm
2.54 cm
1 inch is equal to _____ cm
SIGNIFICANT FIGURES
numbers which are certain
MATTER
It is anything that has mass and occupies space
INTRINSIC PROPERTIES
properties that are permanent or that depend to the substance itself
EXTRINSIC PROPERTIES
nonpermanent properties of substances that vary from sample to sample
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Are observed when the substance takes part in a chemical reaction.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Are observed without changing the chemical identity of a substance
INTENSIVE PROPERTIES
Are those that are independent on the amount of matter
EXTENSIVE PROPERTIES
Are those that are dependent on the amount of matter
1. PURE SUBSTANCES
2. MIXTURES
Classification of Matter
HOMOGENOUS
Pure substances are homogenous or heterogenous?
1. ELEMENTS
2. COMPOUNDS
Classification of pure substances
1. METALS
2. METALLOIDS
3. NON-METALS
Classification of Elements
1. ORGANIC
2. INORGANIC
Classification of compounds accdg. to Carbon content
1. ACID
2. BASE
3. NEUTRAL
Classification of compounds accdg. to pH level
PURE SUBSTANCES
Definite, constant, cannot be separated through physical means.
MIXTURES
Indefinite, varying easily separated, can be separated through physical means.
ELEMENTS
Is a type of matter that cannot be broken down into two or more pure substances
COMPOUNDS
Is a pure substances that contains more than one element
METALS
Good conductor of heat and electricity, malleable, shiny, lustrous, ductile, high melting point, solid, hard, dense
NON-METALS
Good insulator, not malleable, dull, not ductile, low melting point, brittle, less dense

LYE

(SODIUM HYDROXIDE)

NaOH

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

DRY ICE

(SOLID CARBON DIOXIDE)

CO2

 

MARBLE

(CALCIUM CARBONATE)

CaCO3

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

LAUGHING GAS

(NITROGEN OXIDE)

N2O

LIMEWATER

(CALCIUM HYDROXIDE)

Ca(OH)2

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

BLUE VITRIOL

(COPPER SULFATE)

CuSO4

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

OIL OF VITRIOL

(SULFURIC ACID)

H2SO4

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

SUGAR OF LEAD

(LEAD ACETATE)

Pb(C2H3O2)2

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

VINEGAR

(ACETIC ACID)

CH3COOH

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

SALT

(SODIUM CHLORIDE)

NaCl

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

TABLE SUGAR

(SUCROSE)

C12H22O11

common name:___________

chemical formula:_____________

NITRITE
NO2
NITRATE
NO3
HYDROXIDE
OH
SULFIDE
S2
SULFATE
SO4
Sb (ANTIMONY)
Stibium
Cu (COPPER)
Cuprum
Au (GOLD)
Aurum
Fe (IRON)
Ferrum
Pb (LEAD)
Plumbum
Hg (MERCURY)
Hydragyrum
K (POTASSIUM)
Kalium
Ag (SILVER)
Argentum
Na (SODIUM)
Natrium
Sn (TIN)
Stannum
W (TUNGSTEN)
Wolfram
Sr (STRONTIUM)
What element is present if the fireworks is RED?
Cu (COPPER)
What element is present if the fireworks is GREEN?
Mg (MAGNESIUM)
What element is present if the fireworks is WHITE?
K (POTASSIUM)
What element is present if the fireworks is VIOLET?
ACIDUS
The term “acid” came from the latin word ________.
SOUR; BITTER
Acid tastes ______ while base tastes ______.
1. STRONG ACID
2. WEAK ACID
Two kinds of acid.
H2
Acids REACT with metals to produce ________.
THEY’RE CORROSIVE AS HELL
Are acids corrosive or not?
BELOW 7
What’s their pH level?
ACID TURNS THE BLUE LITMUS PAPER TO A FREAKING RED ONE
What is the reaction of litmus paper to acid?
CARBONIC ACID AND PHOSPHORIC ACID
What are the two acids present in coke and pepsi?
x

Hi!
I'm Larry

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out