Chemistry Internship Study Questions Section 2

Indicate if the results would remain normal, increase, or decrease in each situation:
A
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Increase
Indicate if the results would remain normal, increase, or decrease in each situation:
B
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Decrease
Indicate if the results would remain normal, increase, or decrease in each situation:
C
[image]
Increase
Indicate if the results would remain normal, increase, or decrease in each situation:
D
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Decrease
Indicate if the results would remain normal, increase, or decrease in each situation:
E
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Increase
Indicate if the results would remain normal, increase, or decrease in each situation:
F
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Decrease
Complete the chart below:
A
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Diabetes
Salicylate OD
Renal Failure
Complete the chart below:
B
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HYPER Ventilation
Complete the chart below:
C
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Antacids
Vomiting
Diuretics
Complete the chart below:
D
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HYPO Ventilation
Complete the chart below:
E
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Narcotics
Head Trauma
Respiratory Disease
Complete the chart below:
F
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RETAIN HCO3
EXCRETE H
Complete the chart below:
G
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Anxiety
Aspirin OD
Complete the chart below:
H
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RETAIN H
EXCRETE HCO3
Given an example, determine the acid-base status:

pH – 7.28
pCO2 – 35
HCO3 – 16

Metabolic Acidosis
Given an example, determine whether the disorder is compensated, uncompensated, or partially compensated:

pH – 7.28
pCO2 – 35
HCO3 – 16

Uncompensated
Given an example, determine if the pH is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.28
pCO2 – 35
HCO3 – 16

Decreased
Given an example, determine if the pCO2 is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.28
pCO2 – 35
HCO3 – 16

Normal
Given an example, determine if the HCO3 is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.28
pCO2 – 35
HCO3 – 16

Decreased
Given an example, determine the acid-base status:

pH – 7.24
pCO2 – 44
HCO3 – 18

Metabolic Acidosis
Given an example, determine whether the disorder is compensated, uncompensated, or partially compensated:

pH – 7.24
pCO2 – 44
HCO3 – 18

Uncompensated
Given an example, determine if the pH is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.24
pCO2 – 44
HCO3 – 18

Decreased
Given an example, determine if the pCO2 is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.24
pCO2 – 44
HCO3 – 18

Normal
Given an example, determine if the HCO3 is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.24
pCO2 – 44
HCO3 – 18

Decreased
Given an example, determine the acid-base status:

pH – 7.26
pCO2 – 56
HCO3 – 24

Respiratory Acidosis
Given an example, determine whether the disorder is compensated, uncompensated, or partially compensated:

pH – 7.26
pCO2 – 56
HCO3 – 24

Uncompensated
Given an example, determine if the pH is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.26
pCO2 – 56
HCO3 – 24

Decreased
Given an example, determine if the pCO2 is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.26
pCO2 – 56
HCO3 – 24

Increased
Given an example, determine if the HCO3 is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.26
pCO2 – 56
HCO3 – 24

Normal
Given an example, determine the acid-base status:

pH – 7.52
pCO2 – 28
HCO3 – 21

Respiratory Alkalosis
Given an example, determine whether the disorder is compensated, uncompensated, or partially compensated:

pH – 7.52
pCO2 – 28
HCO3 – 21

Partially Compensated
Given an example, determine if the pH is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.52
pCO2 – 28
HCO3 – 21

Increased
Given an example, determine if the pCO2 is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.52
pCO2 – 28
HCO3 – 21

Decreased
Given an example, determine if the HCO3 is Increased, Decreased, or Normal:

pH – 7.52
pCO2 – 28
HCO3 – 21

Decreased
What is the Henderson-Hasselbach Equation?
pH = 6.1 + log (HCO3 / (pCO2 * 0.03))
List the reference ranges and mean values for the following:

pH

7.35-7.45
List the reference ranges and mean values for the following:

pCO2

35-45 mmHg
List the reference ranges and mean values for the following:

HCO3 (CO2)

22-26 mEq/L
Total CO2 exists in several forms in the blood. What is the MAJOR form?
Bicarbonate (HCO3)
What are 2 forms other than Bicarbonate in which Total CO2 exists in the blood?
Dissolved CO2 gas & Carbonic Acid
What is the NORMAL RATIO of Bicarbonate to Carbonic Acid?
20:1
What organ is the primary regulator of HCO3?
Kidneys
What organ is the primary regulator of pCO2?
Lungs
What is the required color of collection tube for arterial blood gas testing?
Green Top
What is the required anticoagulant for arterial blood gas testing?
Heparin (Na or Lithium)
Are there any other special handling requirements when testing for arterial blood gas?
Re-cap Needle;
Put on Ice