Chemistry NCEA lvl 3 organic reactions

Haloalkanes to alkenes
KOH(alcoholic)
Acyl Chloride to carboxylic acid
H2O
Carboxylic acid to acyl chloride
PCl5
Carboxylic Acids to esters
ROH/conc. H2SO4
Benedict’s/Fehlings
Cu2+(aq) reduced by aldehyde to red Cu+ (Cu2O ppt)
Esters to alcohols
H2O
Ester with dilute acid
Alcohol+Carboxylic acid
Ester with NaOH
Alcohol and sodium salt of carboxylic acid
Alkanes to alkenes
High T
Haloalkenes to alcohol
OH
Ethanamide and acid
Organic acid and ammonium ion
Ethanamide and base
Conjugate base of acid and ammonia
Tollens
Oxidises aldehyde to carboxylic acid. Silver mirror
Alkenes to alkanes
H2/Pt
Alkenes to diols
KMnO
Alcohols to aldehydes

primary

MnO4/H+

Cr2O72-/H+

Haloalkanes to alkanes
Zn/H+
Aldehydes to alcohols
LiAlH4
Aldehyde to carboxylic acid

MnO4/H+

Cr2O72-/H+

Alcohol to ketones

secondary

MnO4/H+

Cr2O72-/H+

;

Acyl Chloride to amides
NH3
Amides to amines
OH/Br2
Esters to Carboxylic acids
H+/OH
Alcohols to Alkenes
Conc. H2SO4
Alcohols to Esters
Carboxylic acid/conc. H2SO4
Carboxylic acid to aldehydes
LiAlH4
Haloalkanes to amines
NH3
Lucas

ZnCl2 in HCl

3; alcohol quickly white ppt (chloroalkanes)

primary-;none

Alcohol to haloalkanes
HX eg HCl, HBr
Alkanes to haloalkanes
X2 eg Cl2
Alkenes to alcohol
H2O/H+
Ketones to alcohols
RMgX
x

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