Chemistry Solutions

Homogenous
Same kind or alike
Heterogenous
Not the same, not alike
Saturated
containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms, and so having no carbon-carbon double or triple bonds
Unsaturated
having carbon-carbon double or triple bonds and therefore not containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms for the number of carbons
Supersaturated
increase the concentration of a solution beyond saturation point
Immiscible
(of liquids) not forming a homogeneous mixture when added together
Miscible
(of liquids) forming a homogeneous mixture when added together
Solubility Curve
a graphic representation of the variation with changing temperature of the solubility of a given substance in a given solvent
Solute
the minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent
Solvent
Is a substance that dissolves a solute resulting in a solution
Solution
A homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.
Alloy
A material made of two or more metals, or of a metal and another material
Concentration
Is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture
Dilution
Is the process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent
Molarity
The number of moles of solute per liter of solution
Suspension
Is a heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of a solvent-like phase some time after their introduction
Insoluble
Is a substance (solid) that will not dissolve in a solvent even after mixing
Aqueous
Is a solution in which the solvent is water(aq)
Electrolyte
Is a chemical compound that conducts electricity by changing into ions when melted or dissolved into a solution
Conductivity
The ability or power to conduct or transmit heat, electricity, or sound
Dissolution
The process which one substance is dissolved in another
Solvation
The process by which solvent molecules surround and interact with solute ions or molecules.
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