Chemistry Tables from Ch. 2

NH4 +
ammonium
H3O+
hydronium
CH3COO- or C2H3O2

acetate

CN-

cyanide
OH-
hydroxide

ClO-

hypochlorite

ClO2

chlorite

ClO3
chlorate

ClO4

perchlorate
NO2
nitrite
NO3
nitrate
MnO4
permanganate
CO3-2
carbonate
HCO3
hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate
CrO4-2

chromate

Cr2O7-2

dichromate

O2-2
peroxide
PO4-3

phosphate

HPO4-2
hydrogen phosphate
H2PO4
dihydrogen phosphate
SO3-2
sulfite
SO4-2
sulfate
HSO4
hydrogen sulfate (or bisulfate)
1
mono-
2
di-
3
tri-
4
tetra-
5
penta-
6
hexa-
7
hepta-
8
octa-
9
nona-
10
deca-
Methane
CH4

Ethane

C2H6
Propane
C3H8
Butane
C4H10
Pentane
C5H12
Hexane
C6H14
Heptane
C7H16
Octane
C8H18
Nonane
C9H20

Decane

C10H22
Least number of O atoms…
Hypo ____ ite
One above least # of O atoms
____ ite
One below most O atoms
___ ate
Most O atoms
per _____ ate
the suffix -ous indicates
lower charge of metal
the suffix -ic indicates
metal with higher charge

The following atoms’ l.p. and b.p.

C, N, O, halogens, H

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