Clinical Chemistry Exam 1 Lecture 1

What is the goal of OSHA?
To provide employees with a safe work environment
TJC / JCAHO
Accreditation organization; annually publishes the ‘Accreditation Manual for Pathology and Clinical Laboratory Services’ detailing safety regulations
CAP
Oversees a Laboratory Accreditation program with detailed safety checklist
ADH / CLIA
Oversees smaller labs
CDC
Bloodborne pathogens
3 Types of Biologic Pathogens
Blood
Body fluids
Airborne
5 Routes of Infection for Biologic Hazards
Needle stick
cuts
spills
sprays
aerosols
What is OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard also referred to as?
Right to Know Law
Hazard Communication Standard / Right to Know Law
Employees must be informed of the health risks related to the chemicals to which they are exposed
What is OSHA’s Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories also referred to as?
The Laboratory Standard
Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories / The Laboratory Standard
Guidelines for handling hazardous chemicals
Requires a written Chemical Hygiene Plan and a Chemical Hygiene Officer
True or False:
Info on Chemical Storage, SOP, MSDS, Labeling requirements, list of PPE, and Training requirements are all part of the Chemical Hygiene Plan
True
National Fire Protection Agency and Hazardous Materials Information Guide
Used to quickly assess hazards and magnitude of hazard
Numbers 0-4 denote the magnitude of the hazard
With Both NFPA and HMIG what color represents Flammability?
Red
With Both NFPA and HMIG what color represents Reactivity?
Yellow
With Both NFPA and HMIG what color represents Health?
Blue
With Both NFPA and HMIG what color represents Special Topics / PPE respectively?
White
Material Safety Data Sheet
Must be available to all employees at all times to comply with HazCom
What must the MSDS include at all times?
Product name and ingredients
Exposure limit
Hazards
Route of entry
Transport/Storage/Disposal information
First Aid
Handling
Required PPE
Manufacturer’s Name, Address, and Phone Number
What does the following DOT Hazard Classification signage/label stand for?
[image]
Biohazard
What does the following DOT Hazard Classification signage/label stand for?
[image]
Corrosive
What does the following DOT Hazard Classification signage/label stand for?
[image]
Explosive
What does the following DOT Hazard Classification signage/label stand for?
[image]
Flammable
What does the following DOT Hazard Classification signage/label stand for?
[image]
Poison
What does the following DOT Hazard Classification signage/label stand for?
[image]
Radioactive
Fire Class A
Ashes
Fire Class B
Boils
Fire Class C
Current
Fire Class D
Detonates
Universal ABC (____ chemical) extinguishers available
Dry
What techniques should you use with Fire Hazard
PASS
RACE
Radiation: Personal Film Badge Records must be kept for how long?
length of employment plus 30 years
Gases: Tanks must be kept ____ and secured _____
vertical
upright
True or False:
You should store gas with flammable liquids
False
With Gases is it important to use correct piping (copper may not mix!)
Yes
With Electrical Hazards what should be watched out for?
Water
With Electrical Hazards what type of plugs and cords should you use?
Grounded plugs
Approved extension cords
Accident Documentation
Report to your supervisor Immediately!
Fill out an incident report
How long should Accident Documentation Records be maintained?
Length of employment plus 30 years
What are the 2 Primary causes for accidents?
Unsafe conditions
Unsafe Acts
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