
Used a prism to separate visible light into a spectrum 


Bending of a beam of light as it passes through mediums with different densities 


Bending of electromagnetic radiation as it passes around the edge of an object 

Electromagnetic Spectrum and Wavelenth direction 



Quantum Theoryenergy is absorbed and emitted in discrete quantities of energy 








speed of light 3.0*10^8 m/s 


planck’s constant*initial frequency 

Kinetic Energy of an electron 

1)=hvhvinitial 2)=hvwork function 

Bohr’s Model of Hydrogen [E=2.178*10^18J (1/n^2)] 


Transitions between Energy Levels 


Emission and Absorption in the Balmer Series 



1)lambda=h/mv 2)hc/E 3)hc/mc^2 4)h/mc 





Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle 






Quantum Numbers and Electron Spin 




Angular Momentum Quantum Number 






Paoli Exclusion Principle 

no two electrons in an atom can have the same set of 4 quantum numbers 











Ionization Energy Trend ~Corresponds with electronegativity trend and nuclear charge 

