Polar bond
electrons being shared unequally
nonpolar bond
electrons being shared equally
an atom that has gained or lost electrons to end up with full suborbitals
a molecule with a slightly negative and slightly positive end
dipole-dipole attraction
when two dipoles are attrected to each other
ion-dipole attraction
an ion attracted to the oppositly charged end of a dipole molecule
hydrogen bond
when two molecules that have a O,N,or F bonded to an H come close together the O,N,or F (that are bonded to an H) becomes attracted to the positive H
ion-induced Dipole attraction
nonpolar molecule in the presence of an ion, its electrons are influenced by the charge of the ion. Negative charge reples the electrons causing one side of the molecule to become slightly positive and the other side slightly negative
dipole-induced dipole attraction
the presence of a dipole near a nonpolar molecule can induce a slightly negative or positive charge in the close nonpolar molecule.
induced Dipole-induced dipole
when electrons being shared in bonds happen to reside in one pole or end of the molecule causing it to be slightly negative and leaving the other end temporarily without electrons causing it to be slightly positive
name the four rule of significant figures

  1. All non-zero numbers(1-9) are always significant
  2. All zeros between Non-zero numbers are always significant
  3. Allzeros which ar simultaneously to the right of the decimal pointand at the end of the number are always signficant
  4. All zeroes which are to the left of a written decimal point and are in a number >=10 are always significant

name the equation you use to solve for heat

define the variable of


Q= heat

M= mass

C= constant

DeltaT= change in temp


what is the unit of heat
what is electronegativity
the ability to attract electrons
what type of intermolecular attractions do nonpolar molecules typically form?
induced dipole-induced dipole
why is soap so cool
because it has an ionic part and a nonpolar part
to get oil off of a piece of wood you should use
paint thinner or soap
what is the correct name for FeCl3
Iron(III) Chloride
what is the name for Ca(NO3)2
Calcium Nitrate
what is the chemical formula for scandium oxide
what is the chemical formula for chromium(VI) Oxide
how does soap break down oil to get it off of something
the ionic and nonpolar parts attach to the polar parts of an oil molecule and break it down
ionization energy
the energy required to remove an electron from their outer most electron orbital
oxidation state
the charge you end up with after an element looses or gains electrons