Exam 1

Mercury (I)
Hg22+
Ammonium
NH4+
Cyanide
CN
Carbonate
CO32-
Hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate)
HCO3
Acetate
C2H3O2
Oxalate
C2O42-
Hypochlorite
ClO
Chlorite
ClO2
Chlorate
ClO3
Perchlorate
ClO4
Chromate
CrO42-
Dichromate
Cr2O72-
Permanganate
MnO4
Nitrite
NO2
Nitrate
NO3
Hydroxide
OH-
Peroxide
O22-
Phosphate
PO43-
Monohydrogen phosphate

HPO42-

Dihydrogen phosphate
H2PO4
Sulfite
SO32-
Sulfate
SO42-
Hydrogen sulfite (bisulfite)
HSO3
Hydrogen sulfate (bisulfate)
HSO4
Thiosulfate
S2O32-
Prefixes

mono-

di-

tri-

tetra-

penta-

hexa-

hepta-

octa-

nona-

deca-

Alcohol

(Common Organic Functional Group)

-OH

ex: Methyl Alcohol — CH3OH

Ether 

(Common Organ Functional Group)

-O-

ex: Dimethyl Alcohol — CH3OCH3

Carboxylic Acid

(Common Organ Functional Group)

-COOH

ex: Acetic Acid — CH3COOH

Chromium (III)
Cr3+
Manganese (II)
Mn2+
Iron (II)
Fe2+
Iron (III)
Fe3+
Cobalt (II)
Co2+
Nickel (II)
Ni2+
Copper (I)
Cu+
Copper (II)
Cu2+
Zinc
Zn2+
Silver
Ag+
Cadmium 
Cd2+
Mercury (II)
Hg2+
HClO4

Strong

 

Perchloric Acid

 H2SO4

Strong

 

Sulfuric Acid

 

 HNO3

Strong

 

Nitric Acid

 HI

Strong

 

Hydriodic Acid

HBr

Strong

 

Hydrobromic Acid

HCl

Strong

 

Hydrochloric Acid

 LiOH

Strong Base

 

Lithium Hydroxide

 

NaOH

Strong Base

 

Sodium Hydroxide

KOH

Strong Base

 

Potassium Hydroxide

Ca(OH)2

 Strong Base

 

Calcium Hydroxide 

 

 

(don’t dissociate)

;

Sr(OH)2

Strong Base

;

Strontium Hydroxide

Ba(OH)2

Strong Base

;

Barium Hydroxide

Carbonate ion

CO32-
Nitrite ion
NO2
Nitrate ion
NO3
Phosphate ion
PO43-
Sulfite ion
SO32-
Sulfate ion
SO42-
Hypochlorite ion
ClO-
Chlorite ion
ClO2
Chlorate ion
ClO3
Perchlorate ion
ClO4
x

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