Exam 1

H+

Hydrogen Ion

Cation

Na+

Sodium Ion

Cation

 

K+

Potassium Ion

Cation

Ag+

Silver Ion

Cation

Mg2+

Magnesium Ion

Cation

Ca2+

Cacium Ion

Cation

 

Zn2+

Zinc Ion

Cation

Al3+

Aluminum Ion

Cation

NH4+

Ammonium Ion

Cation

Cu2+

Copper (II) Ion

Cation

Fe2+

Iron (II) Ion

Cation

Co2+

Cobalt (II) Ion

Cation

Hg2+

Mercury (II) Ion

Cation

Pb2+

Lead (II) Ion

Cation

Fe3+

Iron (III) Ion

Cation

Cations formed from non-metals end with…
-ium
Monatomic anions are named by replacig the ending with…
-ide
The most common oxyanion of an element ends in…
-ate
An oxyanion with one less “O”atom, ends in…
-ite

  • Oxyanion name with one more “O” atom than common
  • Oxyanion name when in common form
  • Oxyanion name with one less “O”atom than common
  • Oxyanion name with two less “O”atom than common

  • Per_______ate
  • __________ate
  • __________ite
  • hypo______ite

F

Fluoride Ion

Anion

Cl

Chloride Ion

Anion

Br

Bromide Ion

Anion

I

Iodide Ion

Anion

OH

Hydroxide Ion

Anion

O2-

Oxide Ion

Anion

S

Sulfide Ion

Anion

C2H3O2

(CH3COO)

Acetate Ion

Anion

ClO4

Perchlorate Ion

Anion

NO3

Nitrate Ion

Anion

CO32-

Carbonate Ion

Anion

SO42-

Sulfate Ion

Anion

PO43-

Phosphate Ion

Anion

ANION

  • _________-ide
  • _________-ate
  • _________-ite 

ACID

  • Hydro-____-ic acid
  • ________-ic acid
  • ________-ous acid 

ANION

  • Per-_____-ate
  • ________-ate
  • ________-ite
  • Hypo-_______-ite 

ACID

  • Per-_______-ic acid
  • __________-ic acid
  • __________-ous acid
  • Hypo-_______-ous acid 

Mono-
1
Di-
2
Tri-
3
Tetra-

4

 

Penta-
5
Hexa-
6
Hepta-
7
Octa-
8
Nona-
9
Deca-
10
Hydro-Carbons

  • Simple organic compounds that contain “C” and “H”
  • Alkane
    • Simplest class
    • Examples
      • Methane (CH4)
      • Ethane (C2H6)
      • Propane (C3H8)
    • Ends with -ane

 

Derivative

of

Alkanes

  • Alcohol
  • Replace an “H” atom with an “OH” group
  • Ends with -ol

HCl (aq)

Hydrochloric Acid

(Strong Acid)

HBr (aq)

Hydrobromine

(Strong Acid)

HI (aq)

Hydroiodic Acid

(Strong Acid)

HNO3 (aq)

Nitric Acid

(Strong Acid)

HClO4 (aq)

Perchloric Acid

(Strong Acid)

H2SO4 (aq)

Sulfuric Acid

(Strong Acid)

Cation

  • Positive (+)
  • Formed by elements on the left side of the Periodic Table
  • Metals lose e 

Anion

  • Negative (-)
  • Formed by elements on the right side of the Periodic Table
  • Nonmetals gain an e 

x

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