Final Exam

An athlete’s pre-game meal should consist mostly of
Carbohydrates
According to the new food guide pyramid, ___ should be eaten most sparingly.
Oils
According to the new food guide pyramid, it is recommended that you eat several servings of which group of foods?
Fruits and Vegetables
It is recommended that our diets contain no more than ___% calories from fats
35% calories from fats
Muscles are built by
Exercising
DRI values for vitamins and nutrients are set by the
Food and Nutrition Board of the U.S. NAS
The general recommendation for vitamin consumption by most members of the scientific community is
to eat a well balanced diet
A vegetarian who is not on vitamin supplements is likely to show a deficiency in
Vitamin B12
Which of the following is not a vitamin deficiency disease?
Cancer
Which vitamin is sometimes called the “antisterility” vitamin?
Vitamin E
Which vitamin is sometimes called the “antiaging” vitamin?
Vitamin E
Which vegetable shows evidence of having anticancer activity?
Cabbage
Which of the following vitamins is not found in plants?
B12
Vitamin D is a steroid-type vitamin that offers protection against
Rickets
Which vitamin promotes the development of healthy bones and the absorption of calcium and phosphate?
Vitamin D
Beta-Carotene is a precursor of
Vitamin A
Heat strokes resulting from physical exertion occur when the body’s heat regulatory system fails because…
the body is dehydrated
The best thing to drink to replenish lost body fluids after exercise is
water
The major component of body sweat is
water
What hormone signals the kidneys to conserve water?
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Which of the following promote water loss from the body?
Both alcohol and caffeine promote water loss
On any diet that restricts carbohydrate intake
fat and protein are lost
The number of dieters who lose weight and then gain it back is approximately
90%
A pound of fat has an energy content of 3500 kcal. How many miles must you walk to lose a pound of fat?
35 miles
Low carb diets deplete the body’s stores of glycogen. Every pound of glycogen lost results in a weight loss of
4 pounds (1 pound of glycogen, 3 pounds of water)
If you ordinarily expend 1700 kcal/day and you diet at 1500 kcal/day, how long will it take to lose 1.0 pound of fat?
17.5 days
On a weight-loss diet without exercise about ____ of the weight lost is muscle
11%
One pound of adipose tissue requires ___ miles of blood capillaries
200 miles
Which of the following will NOT occur on an extremely low-carb diet?
Cleansing of waste products from the body
What is the body mass index (BMI) of a person who is 6 feet tall and weighs 205 pounds?
28
The body mass index is determined by which of the following physical quantities?
Weight and height
The body mass index is used to measure one’s level of
fatness
How much essential body fat does the male body require?
3%
The recommended BMI for an adult is
between 18.5 and 24.9