Final Exam Study

Lithium ion
Li+
Rubidium ion
Rb+
Magnesium ion
Mg +2
Barium ion
Ba +2
Sulfide ion
S -2
How can you identify an acid?
Acids are written in HX form, H being positive and X being a negative ion
How do you name acids with no oxygen atom?
Hydro + Root + ic Acid
What is the rule for naming acids with “ate” anions?
Root + ic Acid
What is the rule for naming acids with “ite” anions?
Root + ous Acid
What are binary molecular compounds?
Made of two non-metals through covalent bonds
Naming acids: Two?
Di
Naming acids: Four?
Tetra
Naming acids: Five?
Penta
Naming acids: Six?
Hexa
Naming acids: Seven?
Hepta
Naming acids: Eight?
Octa
Naming acids: Nine
Nona
Naming acids: Ten
Deca
When naming binary compounds the 2nd atom must always end with ____?
2nd atom of BINARY compounds always end with “IDE”
Nano-
1 x 10^9
1,000,000,000 x smaller than main unit
Micro-
1,000,000 x smaller than the main unit
Milli-
1,000 x smaller than the main unit
Centi-
100 x smaller than the main unit
Kilo-
1,000 x bigger than the main unit
Fluoride ion
F ?
Dihydrogen Phosphate ion
H?PO??
Acetate ion
CH?COO?
Hydrogen Carbonate ion
HCO??
Hydroxide ion
OH?
Hydrogen Sulfate
HSO??
Sulfite ion
SO???
Sulfate ion
SO???
Permanganate ion
MnO??
Silicate ion
SiO???
Ammonium ion
NH??
Cyanide ion
CN?
Iodide ion
I?
Sodium ion
Na?
Aluminum ion
Al??
Potassium ion
K?
Cesium ion
Cs?
Calcium ion
Ca??
Selenide ion
Se ??
Beryllium ion
Be??
Strontium ion
Sr ??
Oxide ion
O ??
Nitrite ion
NO? ?
Nitrate ion
NO??
Bromide ion
Br?
Chloride ion
Cl?
Hypochlorite ion
ClO?
Chlorite ion
ClO??
Chlorate ion
ClO??
Perchlorate ion
ClO??
Hydrogen Sulfite ion
HSO??
Oxalate ion
C?O???
Chromate ion
CrO???
Dichromate ion
Cr?O???
Phosphate ion
PO???
Copper I ion
Cu?
Copper II ion
Cu??
Iron II ion
Fe??
Iron III ion
Fe??
Mercury I ion
Hg???
Mercury II ion
Hg??
Lead II ion
Pb??
Lead IV ion
Pb??
Tin II ion
Sn??
Tin IV ion
Sn??
Chromium II ion
Cr??
Chromium III ion
Cr??
Manganese II ion
Mn??
Manganese III ion
Mn??
Cobalt II ion
Co??
Cobalt III ion
Co??
Electronegativity
indicates the relative ability of an element’s atom to attract electrons in a chemical bond
What is the trend of Ionization energy?
generally increases from left to right across a period, and decreases as you move down a group
What is the trend of electronegativity?
generally increases from left to right across a period, and decreases as you move down a group
What are ionic compounds?
compounds that contain ionic bonds
Define Crystal Lattice.
3-D arrangement of particles
Define Electrolyte.
ionic compound whose aqueous solution conducts an electric current
Wavelength
1 nm = 1 x 10?? m
Waves per second
(1/s) or (S??)
Frequency
652 Hz = 652 waves/second
x

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