Functional Groups

Phenyl
Benzene + R
Benzyl
Toluene + R
alcohol (Hydroxyl)
R-OH
Ketone (Carbonyl)
RCOR’
Aldehyde
RCHO
Acyl Halide (haloformyl)
RCOX (X= halogen)
Carbonate
ROCOOR
Carboxylic Acid
RCOOH
Ester
RCOOR’
Peroxide (peroxy)
ROOR
Ether
ROR’
Amide
RCONR(2)
Amine
RNH(x)
Nitrate
RONO(2)
Nitro
RNO(2)
Nitroso
RNO
Thiol
RSH
Sulfide
RSR’
Disulfide
RSSR’
ThioCynate
R-SCN
Sulfone
RSO(2)R