Functional Groups

Alkane

[image][image][image]

Saturated Hydrocarbon where all Carbons are linked only by Single Bonds

Alkene

[image]

Unsaturated Carbon chain with at least one Carbon to Carbon double bond

Alkyne

[image]

Hydrocarbon with a triple bond between two carbon atoms.

Aromatic Hydrocarbon

[image][image]

 

Benzene rings – Have a special stability with three double bonds.

Alcohol

[image][image]

ROH

 

Where R is a carbon group

Phenol

[image]

OH Bound to an Aromatic Hydrocarbon

Epoxide

[image]

A Cyclic Ether with a 3 membered ring

Ether

[image][image][image]

 

 

ROR’

;

Where R is a Carbon group

Aldehyde

[image][image]

;

;

RCHO

;

Where R can be Carbon or Hydrogen

Ketone

[image][image][image]

;

;

RCOR’

 

Where R must be Carbon

Nitrile

[image]

 

 

 

RCN

 

Where R must be C

Amine

[image][image][image]

(Primary, Secondary, Tertiary)

 

NR3

R can be C or H

Alkyl Halide

[image][image][image]

 

RX

 

Where R is a Carbon and X is a Halide (F,Cl,Br,I)

Carboxylic Acid

[image]

 

 

RCOOH

 

Where R is a Carbon

Acyl/Acid Halide

[image][image]

 

 

RCOX

 

Where R is a Carbon and X is a Halogen (F,Cl,Br,I)

Anhydride

[image]

 

ROOOR

 

Where R is a carbon group

Ester

[image][image]

 

RCOOR

 

Where R can be Carbon or Hydrogen

Amide

[image][image]

 

RCONR2

 

Where R can be Carbon or Hydrogen

x

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