Functional Groups

Carboxilic Acid

 1.

 

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Prefix-Carboxy      Suffix-oic acid

Ex: Propanoic acid

Ether

11.

 

R-O-R/ C-O-C

 

Prefix: alkoxy-   Suffix:-ether

 

Ex: diethyl ether

^0^

Ester

2.

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Prefix: carboxy-    Suffix:-oate

 

Ex: Methyl propanoate

Alchohol

6.

 

R-OH

 

Prefix:hydroxy-     Suffix:-ol

 

Ex: 2-propanol

Ketone

7.

 

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Suffix:-one

 

Ex:Propanone

Aldehyde

5.

 

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Prefix: oxo-     Suffix: -al

 

Ex: chlorohexanal

Amine

10.

 

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Prefix: amino-    Suffix:-amine

 

Ex: methyl amine

Amide

3.

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Prefix: amido-     Suffix: -amide

 

Ex: 2-propenamide

Nitrile

4.

 

-C≡N

 

Prefix: cyano-    Suffix: -nitrile

 

Ex: 3-cyanopentoic acid

Thiol

9.

 

R-SH

 

Prefix:mercapto-   Suffix:-thiol

 

Ex: Methanethiol

Phenol

8.

 

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Prefix: phenoxy-   Suffix:-phenol

 

Ex: 3-iodophenol

Alkane

12.

 

 C-C

 

Prefix: alkyl-   Suffix:-ane

 

Ex: propane

Alkene

13.

 

C=C

 

Prefix:alkenyl-     Suffix:-ene

 

Ex: Methene

Alkyne

14.

 

C≡C

 

Prefix-alkynyl   Suffix:-yne

 

Ex: methyne

x

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