Gen Chem 1 – Test 2

List common strong acids
Hydrochloric HCl;
Hydrobromic HBr;
Hydroiodic HI;
Chloric HClO3;
Perchloric HClO4;
Nitric HNO3;
Sulfuric H2SO4;
List common strong bases
Group 1A metal hydroxides (LiOH, NaOH, …);

Heavy group 2A metal hydroxides [Ca(OH)2, Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2]

Soluble or insoluble?: NO3
Exceptions?
Soluble;
None
Soluble or insoluble?: CH3COO
Exceptions?
Soluble;
None
Soluble or insoluble?: Cl
Exceptions?
Soluble;
Ag, Hg 2+, Pb 2+
Soluble or insoluble?: Br
Exceptions?
Soluble;
Ag, Hg 2+, Pb 2+
Soluble or insoluble?: I
Exceptions?
Soluble;
Ag, Hg 2+, Pb 2+
Soluble or insoluble?: SO4 2-
Exceptions?
Soluble;
Sr 2+, Ba 2+, Hg_2 2+, Pb 2+
Soluble or insoluble?: Sr 2-
Exceptions?
Insoluble;
NH_4, alkali metal cations, Ca 2+, Sr 2+, Ba 2+
Soluble or insoluble?: CO_3 2-
Exceptions?
Insoluble;
Compounds of NH_4 + and the alkali
metal cations
PO_4 3-
Insoluble;
Compounds of NH_4 + and the alkali
metal cations
Soluble or insoluble?: OH
Exceptions?
Insoluble;
Compounds of the alkali metal cations,
and NH4 +, Ca 2+, Sr 2+, and Ba 2+
x

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