Gen Chem Chapter 10: Acids and Bases

litmus paper
turns red in acid and blue in base
BL acid
proton donor (ADH) acid donates hydrogen
BL base
proton acceptor
lewis acid
electron acceptor
lewis base
electron donor
arrhenius acid
produces H+
arrhenius base
produces OH-
arrhenius acids and bases only in
aqueous solutions
lewis definition is the most ____ and arrhenius is the most _____
general, specific
hypochlorite
ClO-
chlorite
CLO2-
chlorate
ClO3-
nitrite
NO2-
nitrate
NO3-
hypochlorous acid
HClO
chlorous acid
HClO2
chloric acid
HClO3
perchloric acid
HClO4
nitrous acid
HNO2
nitric acid
HNO3
weak acid or base has ___ of an effect on pH than a strong acid or base of the same concentration
less
Ka is a measure of
the degree to which an acid dissociates
the weaker the acid the ___ the Ka
smaller
NaOH
strong base
HCl
strong acid
NH3
weak base
HClO
weak acid
salt ions + water –> acid or base
hydrolysis
amphoteric
can act either as an acid or a base
another name for amphoteric
amphiprotic
examples of amphoteric species:
1. partially dissociated conj base of a polyprotic acid
2. hydroxides of certain metals
3. species that either oxidize or reduce
titration:
procedure used to determine the molarity of an acid or base
number of acid eq = number of base eq at the
equivalence point
indicators are ___ acids or bases
weak… have different colors in undissociated and dissociated states
buffer solution:
mixture of a weak acid and its salt or weak base and its salt
H2SO4
strong acid
lewis bases are also called
ligands
lewis acid-base reaction are also called
complexation reactions
Kw=
Ka*Kb
HNO3
strong acid
HCl
strong acid
HBr
strong acid
HI
strong acid
HClO4
strong acid
HClO3
strong acid
H3PO4
strong acid
CH3COOH
weak acid
H2O
weak acid and weak base
HF
weak acid
HCN
weak acid
HSO4-
weak acid
NH4+
weak acid
KOH
strong base
CaO
strong base
Na2O
strong base
H-
strong base
NH2-
strong base
NH3
weak base
CH3COO-
weak base
CN-
weak base
SO42-
weak base
____ Ka means strong acid
high
____ pKa means strong acid
low
chose an indicator with a pKa close to
the pH equilibrium point of the titration
LEO
loss of electrons oxidize
GER
gain electrons, reduce
galvanic
spontaneous
voltaic
spontaneous
electrolytic
non-spontaneous–requires energy
electrons flow
anode to cathode a–>c
acid anhydride
2 acyl groups to same oxygen
metals for ___ anhydrides
basic
nonmetals form ___ anhydrides
acid
salts of nitrous acids are
nitrites
x

Hi!
I'm Larry

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out