Inorganic – Test 1

Law of Conservation of Matter  
1774 – Lavoisier
Law of Definite Composition
1799 – Joseph Proust
Atomic Theory
1808 – John Dalton
Spectroscope
1859 – Bunsen and Kirchhoff
Periodic Table
1869 – Mendeleev
H-Spectrum Formula
1885 – Balmer
X-Rays
1895 – Roentgen
Radioactivity
1896 – Becquerel
Electron
1902 – Thompson
Wave/Particle Theory
1905 – Einstein
Nucleus
1911 – Rutherford
Electron Shells
1913 – Bohr
Wave/Particle Duality
1923 – DeBroglie
Wave Equation
1926 – Schrodinger
Organic Radicals
1830 – Liebig, Wohler, Berzelius, Dumas
Valence
1852 – Frankland
Tetravalence of Carbon
1854 – Kakula
Tetrahedral Carbon
1874 – Van’t Hoff and LeBel
Dissociation of Electrolytes
1884 – Arrhenius
Electron Dot Formula
1923 – Lewis
Valence Bond Theory
1931 – Pauling, Heitler, London, and Slater
Molecular Orbital (MO) Theory
1930 – Hund, Bloch, Mullikin, Huckel
Valence-Shell Electron-Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory
1940 – Sidgwick
Cobalt Ammonates Observed
1798 – Tassaert
Cobalt Ammonates Prepared
1822 – Gmelin
More Cobalt Ammonates Prepared
1851 – Genth, Claudet, Fremy
Chain Theory of Ammonates
1869 – Blomstrand
First Definition of the Modern Element
1660 – Robert Boyle
Approximate Beginning of Modern Chemistry
1793
Three Main Areas of Inorganic Chemistry Covered in the Text
Coordination Chemistry, Main Group Elements, Solid State Chemistry
Aristotle’s Four Elements
Earth, Water, Air, Fire
Approximate Beginning of Inorganic Chemistry
1860
Def: Coordination Compound
Contains Complex Ion
Def: Complex Ion
Central Metal Bonded to 2 or More Ligands
Def: Ligand
Molecule or Ion Bonded to Metal in Complex Ion
Def: Coordination Number
Number of Bonds to Central Metal
Def: Coordination Sphere
Ligands Attached Directly to Metal
Def: Inert
A 0.1 M aqueous solution that has a half-life of greater than 1 minute.
Def: Labile
A 0.1 M aqueous solution that has a half-life of less than 1 minute.
Def: Dissociative
The attacking ligand reacts more quickly than leaving ligand.
Def: Associative
The RDS is dependent on the attacking group.
Decreasing Order of Kinetic Trans-Directing Power: CN-, NH3, NO2-, I-, Cl-, H2O
CN- > NO2- > I- > Cl- > NH3 > H2O
Which is softer: F- or Br-?
Br-
Which is softer: CH3CH2- or OH-?
CH3CH2-
Which is harder: H+ or Ag+?
H+
Which is harder: CH3Hg+ or CH3Li+?
CH3Li+
x

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