Ions in Aqueous Solutions

dissociation
separation of ions that occur when an ionic compound dissolves
net ionic equation
only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemical change in a reaction in an aqueous solution
spectator ions
ions that do not take part in a chemical reaction and are found in solution both before and after the reaction
Ionization
ions formed from solute molecules by the action of the solvent in the process
hydronium ion
the H3O+ ion
strong electrolyte
any compound whose dilute aqueous solutions conduct electricity well; this is due to the presence of all or almost all of the dissolved compound in the form of ions
weak electrolyte
any compound whose dilute aqueous solutions conduct electricity poorly; this is due to the presence of a small amount of the dissolved compuond in the form of ions
colligative properties
properyies that depend on the concentration of solute particles but not on their identity
volatile susbstance
one that has little tendency to become gas under existing conditions
molal freezing-point constant
the freezing-point depression of the solvent in a 1-molal solution of a nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte solute
freezing-point depression
difference between the freezing points of the pure solvent and a solution of a nonelectrolyte in that solvent, abd it is directly proportional to the molal concentration of the solution
molal boiling-point constant
boiling-point elevation of the solvent ina 1-molal solution of a nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte soulte
boiling-point elevation
difference between the boiling points of the pure solvent and a nonelectrolyte solution of the solvent, and it is directly proportional to the molal concentration of the solution
semipermeable membranes
allow the movement of some particles while blocking the movementof others
osmosis
movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane from the side of lower solute concentration to the side of higher concentration
x

Hi!
I'm Larry

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out