LT #1

K
Potassium
I
Iodine
Na
Sodium
H
Hydrogen
Ca
Calcium
N
Nitrogen
N2
Nitrogen Gas
C
Carbon
O
Oxygen
O2
Oxygen Gas
Fe
Iron
P
Phosphorus
C6H12O6
Glucose
C5H10C2
Lipids
NH3
Nitrate
NH4
Ammonium
CO2
Carbon Dioxide
Mg
Magnesium
Zn
Zinc
C,H,O in a 1:2:1 Ratio
Carbohydrate
C,H,O (light on the oxygen)
Fat
C,H,O,N
Protein
C,H,O,N,S,P
Nucleic Acid
Organic
Any element, molecule or compound that contains carbon.
Inorganic
Any element, molecule or compound that lacks carbon.
Abiotic
Anything in the environment that is Non-Living. Such as the sun, air, water, dirt, rocks, metals, etc
Biotic
Any part of the ecosystem which is alive or has the potential to be alive. Seed, tree, fungi, animal, bacteria, protists, embryo
atom
smallest unit of matter, denoted by a circle around an atomic symbol
element
most unique form of matter, it is made of many atoms, it is denoted by a square around an atomic symbol.
Compound
When two or more different atoms are bonded together. Examples are H2O, CO2, NH4
Molecule
When two or more identical atoms are bonded together, examples include H2, N2, O2
S
Sulfur
Electrolytes
Responsible for muscle contract and neuron signals. Examples are K, Ca, Na, Cl, Mg
Element Responsible for new cell growth and repair.
Zinc
Compound that is the medium in which all metabolic reactions take place in the body.
Water
A lack of this element results in an accumulation of compounds that fail to produce thyroid hormones–which results in a goiter
Iodine
A lack of this element results in an accumulation of compounds that fail to produce thyroid hormones–which results in a goiter
Iodine
Nitrogen Gas can be converted to _______ by bacteria.
Nitrate
Ammonium can be converted to ________by bacteria.
Nitrogen Gas
Lipids
Organic Macromolecule that is used for long term energy storage and can be found in animal fat and animal oils, steroids and cholesterol.
Proteins
Made of CHON, they are found in two forms–structural like muscles or functional like enzymes which speed up reactions in the body.
Nucleic Acids
It is hereditary material, found in the form of DNA and RNA
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