Matter Vocabulary

Atom
The smallest componet of an element
Chemical property
Measurement of a chemical property involves a chemical change
Chromatography
Chromatography is a method for separating mixtures based on differences in the speed at which they migrate over or through a stationary phase
Colloid
A colloid is a heterogeneous mixture
Conservation of Mass
There is no change in total mass during a chemical change
Compound
A pure substance composed of two or more elements whose composition is constant
Distillation
The purification or concentration of a substance
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down
Filtration
To filtrate
Flammable
Combustible, easily set on fire
Gas
A substance possessing perfect molecular mobility and property of indefinite expansion as opposed to a solid or a liquid
Heterogenous
Different in kind
Homogenous
Corresponding in structure because of common origin
Insoluble
Incapable of being dissolved
Liquid
Composed of molecules that move freely among themselves but do not tend to separate like those of gases; neither gaseous nor solid.
Matter
The substances or substance of which any physical objects consists or is composed of
Mixture
An aggregate of two or more substances that are not chemically united and that exist in no fixed proportion to eachother
Molecule
The smallest physical unit of an element or compound; The quantity of a substance
Physical Property
Any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
Qualitative
Concerned with quality
Quantitative
Concerned with quantity
Reactivity
The relative capacity of an atom, molecule, or radical to undergo a chemical reaction with another atom, molecule, or compound
Solid
Solid substance or object
Soluble
Dissolvable in water
Substance
A species of matter of definite chemical composition
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