Modules 8-13

temperature should be converted to
kelvin
Charles Law
V1*T2=V2*T1
Boyles Law
P1*V1=P2*V2
Gay-Lussac’s
P1*T2=P2*T1
Avogadro’s Law
V1*N1=V2*N2
Ideal Gas Law
P1*V2*T2=P2*V2*T1
Miscible
soluble in a liquid
Immiscible
not soluble in a liquid
soluble
able to dissolve
bases
pH greater than 7
acids
pH less than 7
Lewis acid
electron pair acceptor H+
Lewis base
electron pair donor OH-, NH3
thermochemistry
energy involved in a chemical reaction
temperature
average kinetic energy
entropy
measure of disorder
enthalpy
heat flow in and out of a system
delta G negative
reaction is spontaneous
delta G positive
reaction is nonspontaneous
endothermic
heat is absorbed
exothermic
heat is released
calorimeter
device that measures heat transfer
activation energy
minimum amount of energy required for a collision
increased concentration of reactants
shifts right
increased concentration of reactants
shifts left
adding heat
shift to left
increase pressure
shift to reduce pressure by making fewer gas molecules
oxidation number of compounds
0
oxidation
loss of electrons
reduction
gain of electrons
x

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