Naming Inorganic Chemicals

Ionic Compounds
Metal and nonmetal formed by ionic bonds
Molecular compounds
two nonmetals formed by covalent bonds
Iron
Iron (II) 2+
Iron (III)3+
Chromium
Chromium (II) 2+
Chromium (III) 3+
Cobalt
Cobalt (II) 2+
Cobalt (III) 3+
Nickel
Nickel (II)2+
Nickel (III)3+
Copper
Copper (I) 1+
Copper (II) 2+
Mercury
Mercury (I) 1+
Mercury (II) 2+
Tin
Tin (II) 2+
Tin (IV) 4+
Lead
Lead (II) 2+
Lead (IV) 4+
Prefix 1
mono
Prefix 2
di
Prefix 3
tri
Prefix 4
tetra
Prefix 5
penta
prefix 6
hexa
prefix 7
hepta
prefix 8
octa
prefix 9
nona
prefix 10
deca
Combination Reaction
two or more reactants form a single product
Decomposition Reaction
often use a catalyst; single compound breaks down into two or more simpler substances
Single-replacement reaction
One element displaces another. A more active element that is higher on the activity series which displaces an element lower on the activity series.
Double-replacement reaction
when two substances in aqueous solution switch places. An anion of one substance changes with another.
Neutralization Reaction
When an acid and base react to form a salt
How do you know a chemical reaction has occured?
A gas is produced; a precipitate is formed; a color change; an energy changed is noted
symbol for heat
delta (triangle)
percent of composition equasion
mass of known substace/mass of whole substance X 100= % of substance in sample
x

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