Nomenclature

undecane
This is the name for an 11 carbon alkane.
dodecane
This is the name for a 12 carbon alkane.
yl
Carbon chain substituents are named according to their greek number root followed by this suffix.
n n-propyl
A normal propyl substituent has this prefix added to it and is called ____________
isopropyl
isopropyl
This is the name for this substituent
isobutyl
isobutyl
This is the name for this substituent
sec-butyl
sec-butyl
This is the name for this substituent
tert-butyl
tert-butyl
This is the name for this substituent
isopentyl
isopentyl
This is the name for this substituent
neopentyl
neopentyl
This is the name for this substituent
vicinal
vicinal
in Chemistry, when a functional group is on adjacent carbons, the molecule is described as _____________
ethylene glycol
ethylene glycol
What is the common name of this compound?
vicinal
vicinal
________ diols are in the “vicinity” of each other – that is, from adjacent carbons.
methoxyethane (ethyl methyl ether)
methoxyethane (ethyl methyl ether)
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
(What is the common name?)
4-ethyl-5-isopropyl-3,3-dimethyl octane (di-, tri-, sec-, tert-, n-, is ignored in alphabetizing, but iso-, neo-, and cyclo- are not)
4-ethyl-5-isopropyl-3,3-dimethyl octane (di-, tri-, sec-, tert-, n-, is ignored in alphabetizing, but iso-, neo-, and cyclo- are not)
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
3-isopropyl-1,1-dimethylcyclohexane (the carbon with the most stuff attached to it will be assigned the number 1: greates substitution)
3-isopropyl-1,1-dimethylcyclohexane (the carbon with the most stuff attached to it will be assigned the number 1: greates substitution)
cyclobutane
cyclobutane
cyclooctane
cyclooctane
cyclopropane
cyclopropane
methylcyclobutane
methylcyclobutane
2-ethyl-1-pentene
2-ethyl-1-pentene
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
cyclohexyne
cyclohexyne
ethyne (acetylene)
ethyne (acetylene)
4-methylhex-2-yne
4-methylhex-2-yne
2-chloro-3-iodopentane
2-chloro-3-iodopentane
1-chloro-2-methylcyclohexane
1-chloro-2-methylcyclohexane
methoxyethane (ethyl methyl ether)
methoxyethane (ethyl methyl ether)
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
(What is the common name?)
1-isopropoxyhexane (n-hexyl isopropyl ether)
1-isopropoxyhexane (n-hexyl isopropyl ether)
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
(What is the common name?)
butanal
butanal
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
5,5-dimethylhexanal
5,5-dimethylhexanal
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
formaldehyde (methanal)
formaldehyde (methanal)
What is the name of this compound? (IUPAC name is seldom used)
acetaldehyde (ethanal)
acetaldehyde (ethanal)
What is the name of this compound? (IUPAC name is seldom used)
propionaldehyde (propanal)
propionaldehyde (propanal)
What is the name of this compound? (IUPAC name is seldom used)
2-pentanone
2-pentanone
3-(5-oxohexyl)-cyclohexanone
3-(5-oxohexyl)-cyclohexanone
acetone
acetone
What is the name of this compound? (IUPAC name is seldom used)
methyl vinyl ketone (3-butene-2-one)
methyl vinyl ketone (3-butene-2-one)
What is the name of this compound? (IUPAC name is seldom used)
methanoic acid (formic acid)
methanoic acid (formic acid)
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
(What is the common name?)
ethanoic acid (acetic acid)
ethanoic acid (acetic acid)
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
(What is the common name?)
propanoic acid (propionic acid)
propanoic acid (propionic acid)
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
(What is the common name?)
4-aminohept-2-en-1-ol
4-aminohept-2-en-1-ol
What is the IUPAC name of this compound?
ethanamine
ethanamine
x

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