Organic Chem. Flashcards

Carboxylic Acids
alkanes – 2H +O(2) or C(n)H(2n)O(2)
CH?
methane
C?H?
ethane
C?H?
propane
C?H??
butane
C?H??
pentane
C?H??
hexane
C?H??
heptane
C?H??
octane
C?H??
nonane
C??H??
decane
CH?
methyl
C?H?
ethyl
C?H?
propyl
C?H?
butyl
C?H??
pentyl
CH?OH
methyl alcohol (methanol)
C?H?OH
ethyl alcohol (ethanol)
C?H?OH
propyl alcohol (propanol)
C?H?OH
butyl alcohol (butanol)
C?H??OH
pentyl alcohol (pentanol)
CH?O? or CHOOH
methanoic acid
C?H?O? or CH?COOH
ethanoic acid
C?H?O? or CH?CH?COOH
propanoic acid
C?H?O? or CH?CH?CH?COOH
butanoic acid
C?H??O? or CH?CH?CH?CH?COOH
pentanoic acid
Alkanes
saturated hydrocarbons (HC), contain single bonds
Formula = C(n)H(2n + 2)
Alkenes
unsaturated HC, contain double bonds
Formula = C(n)H(2n)
Alkynes
unsaturated HC, contain triple bonds
Formula = C(n)H(2n-2)
Alkyls
Alkane – an “h”
Formula = C(n)H(2n + 1)
Alcohols
Alkane – H + OH or Alkyl +OH
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