Organic Chemistry

Alkane (Alkyl substituent)

 

GENERAL FORMULA

 

Suffix

 

Substituent group suffix 

 

 

A saturated hydrocarbon in which the carbon atom arrangement is acyclic.

 

CnH2n+2

 

-ane 

 

Alkyl group/ -yl 

(-CH3) methyl, (-CH2-CH3) ethyl

 

 

Alkene (Alkenyl substituent)

 

GENERAL FORMULA

 

Suffix

 

Substituent group suffix 

An acyclic unsaturated hydrocrbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon double bonds.

 

CnH2n

 

-ene

 

Alkenyl group -yl 

 

 

 

Alkyne

 

GENERAL FORMULA

 

SUFFIX

An acyclic unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.

 

CnH2n-2

 

-yne

 

 

Isopropyl group

 

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A substituent form of propane; an isomer of -propyl; bonding of the -R group occurs at the (2°) carbon.

 

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