Organic Chemistry and Net Ionic Equations

saturated hydrocarbon = ? bond
single
allphatic
straight / branched
cyclic
diamond / turtle
unsaturated hydrocarbons = ? bonds
double / triple
alcohol
r-oh
ether
r-o-r
aldehyde

o

ll

r-c-h

ketone

o

ll

r-c-r

acid

o  

 ll   

r-c-oh

ester

o   

ll   

r-c-o-r

amine
r-nh2

aromatic hydrocarbon shape?

formula?

2n+2

circle inside hexagon

valence bond theory

 

bonds forms @ orbital overlap
sigma = ? bonds

single

head to head

pi = ? bonds

double / triple

sideways

stronger – pi or sigma?
sigma
vsepr
electrons will seperate from each other as far as possible
unshared / shared, greatest repulsion?

u-u

u-s

s-s

2 – 0
linear
3-0
trigonal planar
2 – 1
bent
4 – 0
tetrahedral
3 – 1
pyramidal
2- 2
bent
dipole
equal but opposite charges seperated by a short distance

polarity

diatomic

more than 2 atoms

1 bond

polarity & orientation of each bond

gad forming
xco3 + hx = salt + h2o + co2
precipitate
double displacement, formation of an insoluble salt
neutralization
h + oh = salt + h2o
combustion
ch + o2 = co2 + h2o
strong acids

7a, br, cl ,i

o-h=2

strong base
1a metals, except bd, mg, fr
ions

ionic bond

high mp

conductor in molten / water

sol in water

insol in organic compounds

nonpolar molecule

covalent

dispersion

low mp, bp

often gas/ liquid

noncondustor

insol in water

sol in organic compounds

polar molecules

covalent

dispersion, dipole, h

similar to np, but higher mp & bp

more water sol

atoms

covalent

hard

high-melting

nonconductors

insol in common solvents

cations, mobile electrons

metallic

variable mp

good conductors in solid

insol in common solvents

 

cation- anion

covalent

ion – dipole

dipole-dipole

van der waals

x

Hi!
I'm Larry

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out