Organic Chemistry Groups

Alkane
suffix ‘ane’
Single carbon bond
R-R
Alkene
suffix ‘ene’
Double carbon bond
R=R
Alkyne
suffix ‘yne’
Triple carbon bond
R?R
Amine
suffix ‘amine’
Alcohol
suffix ‘ol’
Ketone
suffix ‘one’
Middle of chain
Aldehyde
suffix ‘al’
End of chain
Ester
suffix ‘ate’
Require carboxylic acid and alcohol
Carboxylic Acid
suffix ‘oic acid’
End of chain
Benzene Ring
suffix ‘benzene’
Cycloalkanes
prefix ‘cyclo’
Alkyl
suffix ‘yl’
Haloalkanes
Prefix ‘halogen name with an o’
eg. Br – Bromo
R-Br
Ether
R-O-R
Oxygen bonded between 2 R groups
x

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