Organic Chemistry Reactions

Halogenation
Uses halogens with CH2Cl2
Creates Cyclic halonium ion and anti addition
Cyclopropanation
Uses dichlorocarbene
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Epoxidation
Uses mcpba???
Treatment of halohydrins and strong base
hydrolysis (acid catalyzed opening by H20) of epoxides to give 1,2-diols
Ozonolysis
Uses O3 first and (CH3)2S
Concerted syn addition with ozone
Cleavage of alkene double bond to give two carbonyl functional groups or compounds
1,2-diol cleavage
Uses NaIO4, HO4I, or H5IO6
cyclic 1,2-diols must be cis to react
cleavage of 1,2-diol to give two carbonyl functional groups or compounds
Oxidation
Uses OsO4, HOOH, NMO
concerted syn addition of di-hydroxylation
creates 1,2-diols
Catalytic Hydrogenation
Uses H2 with Pt or Pd
concentrated syn addition of H
Hydroboration
uses first C4H12BO and H2O2, OH
H is added to most substituted carbon, boron adds to the less substituted carbon
Oxymercuration
Uses Hg(OAc)2, water, and NaBH4
creates a cyclic mercurinium ion
Markovnikov with OH to most substituted carbon
antiaddition
Halohydrin formation
Uses two halogens and water
cyclic halonium ion
Markovnikov addition of OH to most substituted Carbon
anti addition
Hydration (acid catalyzed)
Uses a strong acid, such as H3O+ and water
OH on most substituted carbon, H on less substituted carbon
Hydrohalogenation
Uses H-halogen and water
Halogen on most substituted carbon, H on less substituted carbon
Dehydration
Uses a dilute acid
Dehydrohalogenation
Uses a strong base
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