Organic Compounds

 

 

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

 

 

alkanes

 





These are saturated with all single bonds between C’s

 

 

 

METHANE

 

 

CH4

 

 

ETHANE

 

 

C2H6

 

 

PROPANE

 

 


C3H8

 

 

BUTANE




C4H10

 

 

PENTANE

 

 

C5H12

 

 

HEXANE




C6H14

 

 

HEPTANE




C7H16

 

 

OCTANE



C8H18

 

 

NONANE




C9H20

 

 

DECANE



C10H22

 

 

alkenes

(remove two H’s from the alkenes and change to “ene”)

 





These are unsaturated with a double bond between two C’s

 

 

 

 

CAN NOT DO FOR METHANE

 

 

ETHENE



C2H4

 

 

PROPENE



C3H6

 

 

BUTENE



C4H8

 

 

PENTENE




C5H10

 

 

HEXENE



C6H12

 

 

HEPTENE




C7H14

 

 

OCTENE



C8H16

 

 

NONENE



C9H18

 

 

DECENE



C10H20

 

 

alkynes

(remove four H’s from the alkanes and change to “yne”)

 

 


These are unsaturated with a triple bond betwen two C’s

 

 

CAN NOT DO FOR METHANE

 

ETHYNE

 



C2H2

 

 

PROPYNE

 


C3H4

 

 

BUTYNE

 

 

C4H6

 

 

PENTYNE

 

 

C5H8

 

 

HEXYNE



C6H10

 

 

HEPTYNE

 

 

C7H12

 

 

OCTYNE

 

 

C8H14

 

 

NONYNE

 

 

C9H16

 

 

DECYNE

 

 

C10H18

 

 

alcohol

(remove one H fromthe alkanes ; then add OH, changing the ending name to “ol”)

Example:

Alkanes: CH4 (methane)

Alcohol: CH3OH (methyl alcohol or methanol)

 

 

 

PROPYL ALCOHOL or PROPANOL

 


C3H7OH

 

 

BUTYL ALCOHOL or BUTANOL

 

 

C4H9OH

 

 

PENTYL ALCOHOL or PENTANOL

 

 

C5H11OH

 

 

HEXYL ALCOHOL or HEXANOL

 

 

C6H13OH

 

 

HEPTYL ALCOHOL or HEPTANOL

 

 

C7H15OH

 

 

 

OCTYL ALCOHOL or OCTANOL

 

 

C8H17OH

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