Organic Functional Groups

Cycloalkanes
CnH2n
Alkenes
Double bond CnH2n
Alkynes
Triple bond CnH2n-2
Alkanes
Single bond CnH2n+2
Amino
–NH2
Fluoro
-F
Chloro
-Cl
Bromo
-Br
Iodo
-I
Nitro
-NO2
Vinyl
CH=CH2 (double bond)
Alcohol
-OH (CH3CH2OH ethanol)
Ether
-O- (CH3OCH3 dimethyl ether)
Carbonyl
C double bonded to O
Aldehyde
O=C-H group single bonded to chain
Ketone
O=C group single bonded to two parts of chain
Carboxylic acid
O=C-OH group single bonded to chain
Ester
O=C-O single bonded to two parts of chain
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