Polyatomic Ions

Acid
hydrogen + nonmetal
Base
metal + hydroxide
Salt
metal + nonmetal
metal
cation
nonmetal
anion
Hydrogen
H+
anion ends with ‘-ide’
acid name begins with ‘hydro-‘, ends with ‘-ic’
anion ends with ‘-ite’
acid name ends with ‘-ous’
anion ends in ‘-ate’
acid name ends in ‘-ic’
Chlorate
CIO3-
Chlorite
CIO2-
Cyanide
CN-
Dihydrogen Phosphate
H2PO4-
Ethanoate
CH3COO-
Thiosulfate
S2O3(2)-
Hydroxide
OH-
Hydrogen Carbonate
HCO3-
Hydrogen Sulfate
HSO4-
Hydrogen Sulfite
HSO3-
Hypochlorite
CIO-
Nitrate
NO3-
Nitrite
NO2-
Perchlorate
CIO4-
Permanganate
MnO4-
Thiocyanate
SCN-
Carbonate
CO3(2)-
Chromate
CrO4(2)-
Dichromate
CrO7(2)-
Oxalate
C2O4(2)-
Peroxide
O2(2)-
Silicate
SiO3(2)-
Sulfate
SO4(2)-
Sulfite
SO3(2)-
Phosphate
PO4(3)-
Phosphite
PO3(3)-
Ammonium
NH4+}
x

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