From the 15th to 19th century the European colonisation affected the Native American civilization in many ways. such as diseases. war. and enslavement. Many diseases such as variola and rubeolas were the chief cause of the diminution in the Native American population more so than war. Although they seemed to destruct Native American civilization. they besides improved it by trade. The Native American manner of life changed after trading with the Europeans. At first Native Americans wanted metal merchandises. which they couldn’t make themselves. such as axe-heads and knives.
Subsequently they realized the value of guns. Having guns and Equus caballuss wholly changed the manner Native Americans hunted for nutrient. Besides in the fifteenth century Spaniards and other Europeans brought Equus caballuss to the Americas. Some of these animate beings escaped and began to engender and increase their Numberss in the natural state. The debut of the Equus caballus had a profound impact on Native American civilization in the Great Plains of North America. This new manner of travel made it possible for some folks to greatly spread out their districts. exchange goods with adjacent folks. and more easy capture game.
In the nineteenth century. the Westward enlargement of the United States incrementally expelled big Numberss of Native Americans from huge countries of their district. either by coercing them into fringy lands farther and farther west. or by straight-out slaughters. Under President Andrew Jackson. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830. which forced the Five Civilized Tribes from the E onto western reserves. chiefly to take their land for colony. The forced migration was marked by great adversity and many deceases.
Its path is known as the Trail of Tears. Conflicts broke out between U. S. forces and many different folks. Governments entered legion pacts during this period. but subsequently abrogated many for assorted grounds. Well-known military battles include the untypical Native American triumph at the Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876. and the slaughter of Native Americans at Wounded Knee in 1890. On January 31. 1876 the United States authorities ordered all staying Native Americans to travel into reserves or militias.
This. together with the near-extinction of the American Bison. which many folks had lived on. set about the downswing of Prairie Culture that had developed around the usage of the Equus caballus for runing. travel and trading. Students at the Bismark Indian School in the early twentieth century American policy toward Native Americans have been an germinating procedure. In the late 19th century reformists in attempts to educate Indians adapted the pattern of educating native kids in Indian Boarding Schools.
These schools. which were chiefly run by Christians. proved traumatic to Indian kids. who were forbidden to talk their native linguistic communications. taught Christianity alternatively of their native faiths and in legion other ways forced to abandon their Indian individuality and follow European-American civilization. despite many of the patterns being in misdemeanor of clauses of the U. S. Constitution dividing church and province. There are besides many documented instances of sexual. physical and mental maltreatments happening at these schools.
Many other efforts were made to strip the American Indians of their civilization. linguistic communication. and spiritual beliefs. some of which are reported to go on into current times. Therefore the European settlers destroyed the Native American civilization. from their first brush in the fifteenth century all the manner through the early twentieth century. From diseases and warfare to finally traveling Native Americans from their natural districts. the Europeans started a extinction of the Americans that were Native to this supposed new universe.