The public presentation of the pupils in faculty members is non merely influenced by their ain features gifted by the nature but besides assorted factors are involved in these accomplishments. For the economic and societal development of the society. it is necessary to supply our kids with the quality instruction. In recent old ages. most of the attempts have been made to seek out the factors that can impact the pupil public presentation ( academic ) . The intent of this survey is to analyze and research those factors that can impact the pupil academic public presentation at The Islamia University of Bahawalpur.
To obtain the information from pupils. questionnaires were distributed among them. In this respect. different factors were highlighted. Most of import factors were income factor. female parent and male parent instruction. household size. regularity of instructors. involvement created by the instructors in the topic and involvement of the pupils in the co-curricular activities. The Pearson Correlation Coefficient was used to foreground the of import factors. The analysis was conducted with the aid of the statistical bundle for societal Sciences ( SPSS ) . Keywords: student’s public presentation. co-curricular activities.
parental instruction. CGPA
There are a big figure of universities in Pakistan both private and public that are being run under the counsel of Higher Education Commission Pakistan ( HEC ) . Today. there are entire 60 universities both private and public and the Islamia university of Bahawalpur is ranked thirteenth among them. The Islamia University of Bahawalpur with the entire 12000 pupils and 5 bomber campuses is working throughout its part. The pupils are the most of import and valuable assets of the universities. It is the duty of both parents and instructors that they should assist and supply the pupils with all the installations so that they may be able to go the valuable citizens of the state. Students are really the work force of the state. It is they who have to construct the state with their skilled custodies. If they are equipped with good cognition and accomplishments they would be able to lend their portion good in the societal and economic development of the state. It is besides the duty of the pupils that they should give their best attempts to their whole academic calling. The employers of the companies and industry demand skilled and professional custodies in their squad. The pupils should do an attempt to be professional in their Fieldss.
In recent old ages. most of the universities in Pakistan use the CGPA system to measure the public presentation of pupils. The CGPA shows the norm of overall classs of the semesters of the period a pupil spends in the university. Many universities in the universe are utilizing the same standards for measuring the academic public presentation of the pupils. In Malaysia. instructors evaluate the academic public presentation of the pupils by utilizing the CGPA system ( Agus and makhul. 2002 ) . Besides. in USA student’s academic public presentation is evaluated by doing CGPA. Most of the research has explored many different and of import factors that can impact the student’s public presentation. Most of these factors were income of parents. part of parents in the survey of their kids. the country to which they belong. the educational background of the parents. behavior of instructor in the category. their part in the academic accomplishments of the pupils and the importance of co-curricular activities in their educational accomplishments.
The pupils who have the strong fiscal background tend to hold a more CGPA in their academic calling than the pupils who have a weak fiscal background ( Aghus and Makhbul 2002 ) . The ground may be the pupils with weak fiscal background have to endeavor hard for their surveies every bit good as their life disbursals. Or other ground may be that the rich parents provide their kids with all of import and necessary installations for their educational accomplishments and they in return give good consequences in their scrutiny ( checchi. 2000 ) . Different surveies and research have besides shown that there is a important relationship between the parent’s instruction and student’s public presentation ( Ermisch and Francesconi. 2001 ) . The parent’s instruction is positively related to the student’s accomplishments in surveies ( Durden and Ellis. 1995 ) .
The Aghus and Makhbul in 2001 observed in their survey that the female parents have more influence on their kids academic accomplishments and public presentation. Students’ public presentation in intermediate scrutiny is positively associated with the female parent instruction ( hijazi and Naqvi 2006 ) . The public presentation in the last scrutiny or semester can be the best beginning to measure the future public presentation of the pupils ( Aleamoni. 1977 ) . Equally far as the engagement of the pupils in the co-curricular activities. are concerned these activities have been observed the most of import factor in many surveies. Most of the co-curricular activities are really helpful in building and authorising the academic accomplishments of the pupils. although they do non hold direct impact on curricular accomplishments ( Marsh and Kleitman. 2002 ; Guest and Schneider. 2003 ) .
The people who support the construct of co-curricular activities as assisting tool in the academic attainments of the pupils visualize that these types of activities play an of import function in the development of strong character and wellness. enable the pupils to pass on efficaciously. develop the wont of sportsman spirit and teamwork. construct up the moral and ethical values among the pupils and widen the originative thought. The co-curricular activities have been found positively related to the academic attainments and regular attendings ( NCES instruction policy issues. June 1995 ) . The instructor part is besides a really of import tool in measuring the public presentation of the pupils in the schoolroom.
Doyle ( 1985 ) observed from his survey that those instructors are successful in the schoolrooms that use a assortment of techniques and synergistic manners to learn as compared to those who use formal methods. Another of import factor in this respect can be the part or country to which the pupils belong. It has been observed from the survey conducted by Washbrune ( 1959 ) that pupils who belong to the urban countries give better academic public presentation as compared to those who come from less populated countries. The ground may be the installations and resources are available in copiousness in the urban countries sing curricular and co-curricular activities as compared to the rural countries where these installations are less available. The impact of household size is besides really of import in the kids quality public presentation. This sort of relationship that exists between the household size and the children’s public presentation is good known as quantity-quality theoretical account ( Becker. 1960 ; Becker and Lewis. 1973 ; Becker and Tomes. 1979 ) .
The measure – quality theoretical account has shown that the public presentation of the kids particularly education accomplishments have been reduced due to the larger household size ( Rosenzweig and Wolpin. 1980 ; Hanushek. 1992 ) . The function of instructor has its ain importance in the academic accomplishments of the pupils because it is the instructor who transforms the policies into practical actions which is developed during interaction and coaction with the pupils ( Afe 2001 ) . The teacher’s learning function in the learning procedure of pupils and in their accomplishments has been the topic of several research and surveies ( Adediwura and Tayo 2007. Adu and Olatundun 2007 ; Lockhead and Komenan 1988 ; Schacter and Thum 2004 ; Starr2002 ) .
2. METHODS AND MATERIALS
The information was gathered through the questionnaire. The trying method used in this respect is the graded random trying. There are a sum of six modules in the Islamia University of Bahawalpur which were treated as strata. Then from each module three sections were selected indiscriminately and so from each section four categories were selected indiscriminately. On the norm there were 40 pupils in each of the selected categories. Finally from each selected category 10 pupils were indiscriminately picked and were asked to make full in the questionnaire. The sample was collected from different modules and the campuses of the university. Out of 720 respondents. 640 questionnaires were treated as adequate and the staying 80 questionnaires were either non filled decently or were rejected due to inconsistency in the responses. Therefore the response rate was 88. 88 % . Out of 640 respondents. 68. 6 % were female and 31. 4 % were male pupils. The age of the pupils was categorized into three groups. about 27 % were 19-21 twelvemonth old. 55 % were between 22-25 twelvemonth old and 18 % were above 25 old ages of age.
2. 1 DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF THE RESULTS
SPSS 15. 0 was used for the intent of informations analysis. The monthly income of the 45 % of parents was observed to be between Rs. 10. 000 to Rs. 20. 000 whereas 32 % of the parents have their monthly income is more than Rs. 20. 000 but less than Rs. 30. 000 and the staying 23 % parents had their monthly income of more than Rs. 30. 000. The household size was categorized as 3-4. 5-6 and more than 6. The most frequent household size was found to be 5-6. The educational degree of the parents was categorized as nonreader. primary degree. secondary degree and third degree ( degree. sheepskin instruction or above ) . The survey revealed that 15 % of the student’s male parent were illiterate. 21 % of the student’s male parent had merely primary degree of instruction where as 37 % of the student’s male parent had secondary degree and the staying 27 % had third degree of instruction.
The probes of the study showed that 32 % of the student’s female parents were illiterate where every bit 25 % had merely primary degree of instruction. 30 % had a secondary degree of instruction and the staying 13 % caput at the third degree of instruction. 10 % of the pupils had opined that their female parents motivates them for surveies whereas 16 % have said that they get motive from their father’s. 34 % were of the sentiment that both of their female parent and male parent motivates them and 40 % said their instructors motivate them sing their surveies. The survey besides revealed that 77 % of the pupils were of the sentiment that their academic accomplishments are due the aid of their parents.
The public presentation of the pupils in a old scrutiny ( Intermediate and Bachelors ) was observed and it was found that they obtained on the mean 61 % Markss in their old scrutiny. 57 % of the pupils have said that they have a clip agenda of survey and they follow that agenda. The mean figure of hours the pupils gave to their surveies in a twenty-four hours after go toing the university categories was found to be 03 hours. A inquiry sing the clip consumed by them in co-curricular activities was asked and the mean clip consumed was found to be 02 hours per twenty-four hours.
The response to the inquiry that whether university is leaving instruction efficaciously. the proportion of pupils who wholly agreed with the statement was 74 % . whereas 15 % were slightly agreed and the staying 11 % were disagreed. Equally far as the regularity of the instructors is concerned 77 % of the pupils were opined that their instructors are regular in taking their categories. A inquiry was besides asked to see whether the instructors are developing the involvement of pupils in their topic. 65 % of the response was in yes whereas 20 % were indecisive and the staying 15 % have said No.
Testing OF HYPOTHESES
The followers are the hypotheses that were tested.
1. H1: There is a relationship between household income and student’s public presentation. 2. H2: There is a relationship between male parent instruction and student’s public presentation. 3. H3: There is a relationship between female parent instruction and student’s public presentation. 4. H4: There is a relationship between the size of household and student’s public presentation. 5. H5: There is a relationship between motive of parents and student’s public presentation. 6. H6: There is a relationship between engagement in co-curricular activities and pupil public presentation. 7. H7: There is a relationship between the regularity of instructors and pupil public presentation. 8. H8: There is a relationship between involvement in the topic and pupil public presentation.
The relationship between the independent variable ( Family income. father instruction. mother instruction. size of household. motive of parents. engagement in co-curricular activities. regularity of instructor. involvement in the topic ) and the dependant variable ( student public presentation ) was observed from our survey. The independent variables showed positive association with the dependant variable except the size of the household. The relationship between student’s academic public presentation and size of the household and regularity of instructor was important at 1 % degree of significance. The relationship between student’s academic public presentation and Mother Education. Family income and motive of parents were important at 5 % degree of significance whereas the relationship between student’s academic public presentation and male parent instruction. engagement in co-curricular activities and involvement in the topic developed by the instructor was important at 10 % degree of significance.