As noted in the lead group’s forum. “through observation. [ Florence Nightingale ] collected empirical grounds that supported her environmental theory and used it to develop evidence-based guidelines that other nurses faced with similar fortunes might happen useful” ( Selanders. 2010 ) . Nightingale. in kernel. was a innovator to evidence-based nursing pattern.
She focused on the patient’s symptoms and examined possible environmental causes of these symptoms to maneuver the attention given. McCurry. Revell. and Roy ( 2009 ) province that “nursing as a profession has a societal authorization to lend to the good of society through knowledge-based practice” ( p. 42 ) . No moves. nevertheless. can be made without a vision. or a preparation of what is wanted as the terminal consequence. This vision starts the procedure of bring forthing a idea. or a doctrine ; which can progress to a theory. Silva ( 1977 ) examines the research procedure by researching the relationships among doctrine. scientific discipline and theory. As a consequence of this analysis. she suggests that all nursing theory and research derives from our leads. or informations. to doctrine. Silva besides argues that information gleaned from philosophical self-contemplation and intuition should be valued every bit much as that provided by scientific experimentation.
Silva proposes that philosophical intuition is gained by holding a thorough apprehension of a topic ; it is non merely a belief or thought without grounds. This is supported by progresss in other Fieldss. such as mathematics. that rely on concluding. experience and logic and non entirely on observation or experimentation. As a consequence. philosophical intuition can complement the scientific method and service as another valid and promising agencies to obtain nursing cognition. These stairss are all intertwined to organize future nursing attention. Knowledge is built upon theories. for as Lauden ( 1984 ) noted. “problems constitute the inquiries of scientific discipline. but theories constitute the answers” ( McCurry et. al 2009. pg. 42 ) .
Theories are based on a hypothesis. informations and research. every bit good as formulated theoretical accounts. or in kernel paradigms. Whall and Hicks ( 2002 ) assert that for the subject of nursing to maximise its research potency. multiple paradigms should be considered. Recognition of the value of doctrine in nursing is an of import first measure. after which the pick of how to utilize philosophical paradigms to border research attempts can be made. As argued by the writers. the current coevals of nursing pupils is built-in in impacting alteration from a stiff either/or attack to positivist and postmodern influence in research to a more applicable both/and attack.
Nursing affords research workers and clinicians the chance to appreciate the positive medical model- A leads to B leads to C- while keeping that each state of affairs is capable to circumstance. civilization. and an eternal array of niceties. and these variables must be considered in research. Therefore. the most appropriate attack is flexibility and use of both rationalist and postmodernist doctrines. which will give the most pertinent scientific consequences to use to clinical scenes. Experience in clinical scenes will so inform philosophical attacks and theory development to ease best pattern research. Despite the unarguable necessity of implementing well-researched. knowledge-based grounds in clinical pattern. these readings suggest the importance of keeping the holistic attack that defines nursing attention throughout the procedure.
McCurry. M. K. . Hunter Revell. S. M. . Callista Roy. S. ( 2009 ) . Knowledge for the good of the person and society: linking doctrine. disciplinary ends. theory. and pattern. Nursing Philosophy. 11 ( 1 ) . 42-52. Selanders. L. C. ( 2010 ) . The power of the environmental version: Florence Nightingale’s original theory for nursing pattern. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 28 ( 1 ) . 81-88. Silva. M. ( 1977 ) . Doctrine. scientific discipline. theory: Interrelationships and deductions for nursing research. Image. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 29 ( 3 ) . 210-3. Whall. A. L. . & A ; Hicks. F. D. ( 2002 ) . The unrecognised paradigm displacement within nursing: deductions. jobs. and possibilities. Nursing Outlook. 50 ( 2 ) . 72-6.